During the first two weeks of this criminal justice course, this class has discussed the structure of the criminal justice system and also has reviewed the models that comprise the criminal justice system. In this paper I will examine the aspects of criminal law. I will describe the purposes of criminal law, which will entail the two main functions of criminal law, and will address how criminal responsibility could be limited. In this paper I will identify one justification and excuse defense. I will also explain why they are used. By reading this paper, one should have a description of the procedural safeguard that protects American Constitutional rights.
Purposes of Criminal Law
Many may wonder what the purpose of Criminal law is. In my opinion, it is to protect the people of society. In actuality the main function of Criminal law is to protect citizens from harms to their safety and property and from harms to society’s collective interests (Criminal Justice in Action, 2006).That basically means that the criminal law protects people from the harms of murder, theft or arson. It also protects the society interests collectively. It is a criminal law polluting the environment and also bad consumer products that are not safe. The second function of Criminal law protects the values of Citizens in the society. An example of protecting the values of citizens is to arrest prostitutes and drug dealers. They are not hurting anyone because the other party me be in content with the act, but in reality someone will be hurt.
The U.S. Constitution and state constitutions are written sources of American criminal law. They are the supreme law. The U.S. Constitution it the law of this country and the state constitutions are the supreme law of the state. Another written source of American criminal law is the statutes passed by Congress and state legislatures. The statutes refer to the conduct that is expected of the general public in near future....