Honors English 10 Per.5
February 27, 2013
Ingsoc - Totalitarian Government: 1984
Communism has been a part of the world for a very long time causing the harsh suffering of people in regions, such as Cuba. Rather than help a nation, Communism harms the inhabitants who live in the nation through the effect that it bring, by lending itself to becoming a communist-totalitarian government. A Communist government has a high chance of becoming totalitarian and being overruled by a group or dictator, whom will have all authority and right do to what he pleases. Socialism, being a type of government in which the government takes care of the industrialization differs from a Communist-totalitarian government. A communist-totalitarian government has total control over all, whereas a Socialist government just handles the production of goods and manufactured items, in other means: the economy. Throughout the novel, 1984, the party reveals "Ingsoc" as their form of government. Ingsoc is thought to be "English socialism" in the future but is actually quite the opposite. Underneath this "socialist government" stands a totalitarian form of government which feeds nothing but lies to its people, watches the members of the party very closely, and has gained its power through rather obvious ways. In the novel, Winston seeks the truth about Oceania’s Government and wether or not there are intelligent people out in this world, where its inhabitants have all been taught and brainwashed to do as the Government says. Oceania’s Government has lied to its people for years, telling them nothing but nonsense to keep them naïve and ignorant about the horrible things that the Party does. Winston, now in the hands of a leader in the Party, O’ Brien, has been tortured for his “crime” which, in this time, can be as simple as thinking that the Party is corrupt. While being tortured, Winston reflects to himself, “A thousand times better than Winston, he knew what the world was really like, in what degradation the mass of human beings lived and by what lies and barbarities the Party kept them there” (Orwell, 216). Winston realizes that O’Brien is one of the leaders who keeps Oceania in ignorance and hides the harsh truth because he does not feel that humans are fit to govern. As shown, Oceania’s government is clearly totalitarian and communist by definition: “Communism in its broader meaning is a system in which property used for the production of goods or services is owned by a community or group rather than individuals” showing that the Party resembles to this, the Party being the group that takes hold of all property and production in Oceania. Socialism is what the Party tries to pass as, but it shows no similarity between the form of government: “Socialists believe that Capitalist society is unjust and aim to eliminate competition for profit and to attain an equal distribution of wealth through cooperative means”. This shows that Ingsoc is not like Socialism because the Party takes complete control of everything, not allowing its inhabitants to really have a say in anything that goes on in the country. Winston tries to learn and uncover the real truth behind the Communist party that has been in rule for as long as he remembers. The reality is cruel but Ingsoc is truly corrupt, the Party, meant to keep the equality in the world is truly dictatorial.
The Party keeps all of the population in line at all times, watching every step its people make through telescreens and takes control of the media being exposed to Oceania making its Communist factors more visible. Winston feels trapped in his own home as well as forced to live by the Party’s rules. He does not like to do what they say but does it anyway for he knows what happens to those who commit even the simplest thoughtcrime. "War is peace, Freedom is slavery, Ignorance is strength ...Always the eyes watching you and the voice enveloping you. Asleep or awake,...