15. Significant accounting policies and notes on accounts
Infosys BPO s.r.o. is a leading provider of business process management services to organizations that outsource their business processes. Infosys BPO s.r.o. is a majority owned and controlled of Infosys BPO Limited. The Company leverages the benefits of service delivery globalization, process redesign and technology and thus drives efficiency and cost effectiveness into client’s business processes and thereby improve their competitive position by managing their business processes in addition to providing increased value.
15.1. Significant accounting policies
15.1.1. Basis of preparation of financial statements
The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair values. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.
15.1.2. Use of estimates
The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Examples of such estimates include computation of percentage of completion which requires the Company to estimate the efforts expended to date as a proportion of the total efforts to be expended, provisions for doubtful debts, future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes, post-sales customer support and the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets.
Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made and, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.
15.1.3. Revenue recognition
The Company derives its revenues primarily from business process management services, on both the time-and-material and fixed-price, fixed-time frame basis and unit-priced basis. Revenue on time-and-material contracts is recognized as the related services are rendered. Revenue from fixed-price, fixed-time frame contracts, where there is no uncertainty as to measurement and collectability of consideration, is recognized as per the proportionate-completion method. Revenues from unit-priced contracts are recognized as transactions are processed based on objective measures of output. When the Company receives advances for its services, such amounts are reflected as advance received from clients until all conditions for revenue recognition are met. Cost and earnings in excess of billings are classified as unbilled revenue while billing in excess of cost and earnings is classified as deferred revenue. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the year in which such losses become probable based on the current estimates. The Group presents revenues net of service taxes and value added taxes in its Profit and Loss account.
The Company accounts for volume discounts and pricing incentives to customers as a reduction of revenue based...