Professor Tracie Kriska
6th March 2013
Topic: Sleep Apnea
General Purpose: to inform
Specific Purpose: to inform the audience on Sleep Apnea
Thesis: Sleep Apnea is becoming more of a dangerous disease that more people are starting to be diagnosed with. It is extremely important that Sleep Apnea is emphasized so that more people are aware of it. Introduction: “The National Sleep Foundation” says that a lot of people don’t know what sleep apnea is. Sleep Apnea is a dangerous disease that can lead to death while you’re sleeping. Body:
I. There are two types of Sleep Apnea
A. Central Sleep Apnea
1. Unlike OSA, the airway is not blocked, but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe due to instability in the respiratory control center. B. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)
2. The more common of the two forms of apnea, it is caused by a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses during sleep. Transition: Sleep Apnea can affect anyone, even children.
II. “The National Sleep Foundation” says that anybody can be affected by this disease. A. Being male
B. Being overweight
C. Being over 40
D. Having a large neck size (17 inches in men or 16 inches or greater in women) E. Having large tonsils, a large tongue, or a small jaw bone F. Having a family history of sleep apnea
G. GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux)
H. Nasal obstruction due to a deviated septum, allergies, or sinus problems Transition: Wonder what causes Sleep Apnea?
III. In “The National Institutes of Health” they say, Sleep Apnea is caused when you sleep because your muscles relax which narrows your throat. Normally, this narrowing doesn’t prevent air flowing into and out of your lungs. If you have sleep apnea, your airway can become partially or fully blocked because: A. Your throat muscles and tongue relax more than normal.
B. Your tongue and tonsils (tissue masses in...