Chronic Disease, Asthma
Good morning to our beloved lecturer and my fellow classmate. In our advanced world nowadays, we have discovered about lots kinds of diseases. Among those diseases that have been discovered is asthma. Generally, we knew that asthma is a lung-related disease and it does make breathing become difficult. But did you know that asthma is being thought to be caused by combination of genetic and environmental factors? Did you know that across this entire world the number of people who have been affected by asthma is increasing every day? Do you want to know more why these people are affected by asthma?
Today, I am going to inform you about the life of asthma patient by defining the term, explaining the symptoms of asthma, the risk factors faced by asthma patient and recommending how to treat and avoid this disease by deciding yourself whether this disease should be taken seriously or casually.
In my opinion, I am concerned about this issue and did a research about asthma because I want to be able to help my mother who is currently one of the patients that have been affected by asthma. She always had to suffer a lot during rainy days, night and even early in the morning because of the temperature changes in the surrounding. Moreover, she also had to suffer a several attacks of difficulties to breathe and wheezing. All of these incidents were caused by asthma. So, as the eldest of my siblings and an ex-student from a medical department, I had to do my best to help my mother in any possible ways I can.
What is asthma? According to World Health Organization (WHO) which stated in its own website, asthma is a chronic disease characterized by recurrent attacks of breathlessness and wheezing, which can vary in severity and frequency from person to person. In simple words, asthma is a chronic disease that affects the airways and makes the breathing difficult.
In addition to our general knowledge, taking from the same website, WHO stated about 235 million people currently suffer from asthma which it is the most common disease among children. Without a doubt, this disease is a public health problem because asthma-related deaths are not just occurred in high-income countries, it also occurs in all countries regardless of the level of development. Furthermore, most asthma-related deaths occur in low- and lower-middle income country. Granted that Malaysia is a middle-income country, we should not just take things lightly when it comes to asthma as it does affect Malaysian citizen. Do you know that asthma is one of the diseases that are currently having high number of patient in Malaysia? Taken from a website, Right Diagnosis from Healtgrade, in Malaysia, it is estimated that about 1.5 million people have been notably affected by asthma. As a matter of fact, almost 44 million people in the East Asian/Pacific are suffering from asthma. Thus, asthma is now a worldwide concern.
Earlier, I already informed you about the general facts and the concern about asthma, now you need to hear about the signs or symptoms of asthma that being diagnosed by doctors around the world. Written in the February 18th 2007 edition of the Star, the symptoms of asthma are wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing especially during night and early morning. Does these symptoms are the same with other people? No, these symptoms can be varies among individuals such as for some people, the symptoms may occur several times in a day or week and perhaps the symptoms can become worse during physical activity or at night.
Next, after knowing the ways to detect asthma’s symptoms, now I would like to inform you about the risk factors that can cause asthma. Do you know that the strongest risk factors of asthma are the inhaled substances and particles that may provoke allergic reaction or irritate the airways? This statement was stated by WHO in their webpage. In short, these risk factors can be found in both inside and...
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