Informative Speech

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  • Topic: Cancer, Cancer staging, Lymph node
  • Pages : 5 (1566 words )
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  • Published : April 24, 2013
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Causation Design

What is Ovarian Cancer??

Christina Bliek
Topic: Ovarian Cancer
Specific Purpose: To inform the hiring committee at NCIS the effects and process of ovarian cancer and the difficulties that my grandmother went through in the last 3 months of her life.

Introduction:
Attention Material: On July 21, 2012 my grandmother Dorothy Bliek passed away from Ovarian cancer. She was diagnosed with ovarian cancer in May 2012. Ethos- Establishing Material- There are many different types of cancer but ovarian is the most relevant in my life. It is also the ninth most common type of cancer. Thesis/ Preview: Ovarian epithelial cancer is a disease in which malignant or cancerous cells form in the tissue covering the ovary. VISUAL AID

Main Idea: There are 4 stages of ovarian epithelial cancer and there are 3 ways that cancer spreads throughout the body. One way that the cancer spreads through the body is through tissue. This is where the cancer invades the surrounding normal tissue. The second way that cancer spreads through the body is through the lymph system. This is when the cancer invades the lymph system and travels through the lymph vessels to other places of the body. The third and final way that the cancer spreads is through the blood. This is when the cancer invades the veins and capillaries and travels through the blood to other places of the body. The stages of ovarian epithelial cancer:

The first stage where cancer is found in one or both ovaries has three sub categories: VISUAL AID
Stage 1A: Cancer is found inside a single ovary.
Stage 1B: Cancer is found inside both ovaries.
Stage 1C: Cancer is found inside one or both ovaries and either one of these three things could happen: the cancer is also found on the outside surface of one or both ovaries; the capsule ( outer covering) of the ovary has ruptured (broken open); or that cancer cells are found in the fluid of the peritoneal cavity (the body cavity that contains most of the organs in the abdomen) or in the tissue lining the peritoneal cavity.) The second stage where cancer is found in one or both ovaries and spread into other areas of the pelvis, also has 3 sub categories: Stage 11A: Cancer has spread to the uterus and/or the fallopian tubes( the long slender tubes through which the eggs pass from the ovaries to the uterus). Stage 11B: Cancer has spread to other tissue within the pelvis. Stage 11C: Cancer is found in one or both ovaries and has spread to the uterus and /or Fallopian tubes, or to other tissue within the pelvis. Also the same three things in the first stage could be possible. The third stage where cancer is found in one or both ovaries and has spread outside the pelvis to other parts of the abdomen and/or nearby lymph nodes, has again 3 sub categories: Stage 111A: The tumor is found in the pelvis only, but cancer cells that can be seen only with a microscope have spread tot he surface of the peritoneum ( tissue that lines the abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in the abdomen, the small intestines, or the tissue that connects the small intestines to the wall of the abdomen. Stage 111B: Cancer has spread to the peritoneum and the cancer in the peritoneum is 2 centimeters or smaller. Stage 111C: Cancer has spread to the peritoneum and the cancer in the peritoneum is larger than 2 centimeters and/or cancer has spread to lymph noes in the abdomen. Cancer that has spread to the surface of the liver is also considered stage 3 cancer as well. The fourth stage when cancer is found in one or both ovaries and may spread to other parts of the body, such as lymph nodes, lungs, liver, and bone doesn't have any sub categories because it is the worst that the cancer can get. Cancer cells may also be found in an area between the lungs ans the chest wall that has filled with fluid. Cancer has spread beyond the abdomen to other parts of the body, such as the lungs or tissue inside the liver. Cancer cells in the fluid around the lungs...
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