There are a variety of different kinds of people in the world today. There are a lot of people who may not be seen as “normal” because of their physical appearance or mental abilities. This is why I chose my topic to inform everyone about Down syndrome. I feel there are a lot of horror stories about the disability, but no one ever speaks about their positive experiences they’ve had with someone with Down syndrome. Today I would like to inform you about what Down syndrome is, its causes and how it affects society. Transition- What is Down syndrome and how many people are affected in the United States? Body
I. According to March of Dimes last edited in July 2009, Down syndrome is when a person is born with 47 chromosomes instead of 46. a. Your body is made up of 46 chromosomes, 23 from your mother and 23 from your father. i. It is mostly diagnosed when there are 3 of the 21st chromosome instead of 2. ii. In the cell division it can cause abnormalities in the chromosomes, such as the 3 pairs of the 21st chromosome. iii. According to NDSS.com, National Down Syndrome Society last updated in 2012, since there are three of the 21st chromosome, there are changes of development for a person. iv. A person with Down syndrome have short stature, flattened face, and low muscle tone, and upward slanted eyes. b. National Down Syndrome Society has a fact sheet that is available for downloading and states that the life expectancy for Down syndrome patients raised from 25 in 1983 to 60 today. v. According to the National Down syndrome society, 1 in 691 babies are born with Down syndrome. vi. There are more than 400,000 people in the United States living with Down Syndrome. vii. This is the most common genetic disorder.
Transition- Many seem to believe myths on what causes Down syndrome. Such as the mother drank or did drugs while she was pregnant, there was incest...