Information Technology and Women Empowerment in India
Dr.Nasir Zamir Qureshi Associate Professor, Department of Commerce, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.
Adil Amin Bhatt Research Scholar, Department of Commerce, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.
Information Technology has revolutionized the world as never before and Indian women are no exception to it. Workforce trends show that a large number of Indian women are joining in IT sector. This paper wants to explore many questions like- What position Information Technology provides to women in the emerging areas of IT? How much success IT got while providing suitable employment opportunities to women leading to women empowerment? This paper will also shed light on the effects of IT in rural areas. This paper has been divided in four (4) sections. Section 1 starts with the introduction. Section 2 deals with the employment profile of women in IT. Section 3 covers the benefits provided to women by IT. Section 4 comes up with the suggestion to be undertaken to ensure greater participation of women in IT.
Empowerment is now increasingly seen as a process by which the one’s without power gains greater control over their lives. This means control over material assets, intellectual resources and ideology. It involves power to, power with and power within. Some define empowerment as a process of awareness and concretization, of capacity building leading to greater participation, effective decision- making power and control leading to transformative action. This involves ability to get one wants and to influence others on our concerns. With reference to women the power relation that has to be involved includes their lives at multiple levels, family, community, market and the state. A nation that wants to progress cannot afford to ignore capacity building and empowerment of women. Women’s development is inextricably linked with technology. Information Technology has revolutionized the world as never before. Rapid and dynamic transformations have taken place in the global world. Information technology has contributed significantly in terms of Income and Earnings, Growth and Employment generation. India has also witnessed extra-ordinary growth in the field of information technology. Due to the presence of world class educational institution in the country, large pool of trained manpower of international standards have been created. The prominent feature of the IT sector is the growth of IT enabled services. There has been recent growth in IT enabled service businesses in India as call centers, medical transcription, engineering and design, transcription and back office processing, payroll and other human resource services, insurance claim processing, legal databases. Business Process Outsourcing has tremendous potential growth. The local IT-BPO industry continues to be one of the most bullish sectors of the economy as it posted and estimated $ 8.3 billion in revenues in 2009, this constitutes 30.6% rise from $ 6.3 billion in 2008(BSP Survey). Furthermore, Information Technology industry is expected to emerge as one of the largest employers in the country (Ninth 5 years Plan). Apart from creating large number of jobs, it has also resulted in new types of challenging carriers. The IT sector is considered to be non-discriminating. It is considered to be an equal opportunity employer for men and women, minorities and other categories all alike.
Women Employment in Indian IT industry
There is an impression that India is world class in information technology. This is mainly due to the success...
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