December 3, 2012
Information Technology Acts Paper
The internet has made is easy for people to access an unlimited amount of information at anytime. Advances in information technology have resulted in new ethical issues that needed to be addressed. Children need to be protected from being taken advantage of in this new digital age. Parents also want to ensure that their children aren’t subjected to material that is considered inappropriate. The federal government has passed laws to prevent the abuse of children on the internet.
The Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) was enacted by Congress in 2000 to address concerns about children’s access to obscene or harmful content over the Internet. CIPA offers discounts for internet access or internal connections for schools and libraries that meet specific established requirements. Schools and libraries may not receive the discounts offered by CIPA until they show that they have an Internet safety policy that includes technology protection measures. The protection measures must block or filter internet access to information that is considered obscene, pornographic, or harmful to minors on all computers that are accessed by them. Schools subject to CIPA must have Internet safety policies that monitor the online activities of minors and must also provide education to minors about appropriate online behavior (Federal Communications Commission 2011).
The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) was enacted by Congress in 1998 to address concerns about children under the age of 13 providing personal information to websites or online services. COPPA requires that operators of websites or online services that have actual knowledge that they are collecting personal information from children under 13 obtain verifiable consent from parents before collecting, using, or disclosing such information from children. Personal...