Information Systems: Study of Complementary Networks of Hardware and Software

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Information systems

Not to be confused with Informing science.Information systems (IS) is the study of complementary networks of hardware and software (see information technology) that people and organizations use to collect, filter, process, create, and distribute data.[1][2][3][4][5] The study bridges business and computer science using the theoretical foundations of information and computation to study various business models and related algorithmic processes within a computer science discipline.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]Computer Information System(s) (CIS) is a field studying computers and algorithmic processes, including their principles, their software and hardware designs, their applications, and their impact on society[15][16][17] while IS emphasizes functionality over design.[18]Certain information systems support parts of organizations, others support entire organizations, and still others, support groups of organizations. Recall that each department or functional area within an organization has its own collection of application programs, or information systems. These functional area information systems are supporting pillars for the information systems namely, business intelligence systems and dashboards. As the name suggest, each FAIS supports a particular function are within the organization. For example accounting IS, fin ace IS, production/operation management (POM) IS, marketing IS, and human resources IS. In finance and accounting, managers use IT systems to forecast revenues and business activity, to determine the best sources and uses of funds, and to perform audits to ensure that the organization is fundamentally sound and that all financial reports and documents are accurate. Other types of organizational information systems are Functional area IS, Transaction processing system, enterprise resource planning, office automation system, management information system, decision support system, expert system, executive dashboard, supply...
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