?Influential Women of Philippine Politics
“As I came to power peacefully, so shall I keep it.”
Women are undoubtedly the most talked about being in this world. It had inspired many writers, orators and artists to be used as a topic of their masterpieces. According to George A. Malcom, an unbiased judge or jury would hand down a verdict based on overwhelming evidence that the greatest blessing of the Philippines is the Filipino women. Nor would a judgement to this effect come about because of masculine gallantry. It would rather stem from the Filipino woman’s acknowledge social and political quality with men and her innate ability and sense of responsibility. As her beer aptly remarked, the Filipino woman “is the best man in the country.” Malcom describes Filipino women as comely. In youth they are often young goddesses, erect in carriage, with clean golden-brown skin and dark flashing eyes, and possessed of black tresses long enough to reach the ground. “Filipino women are known to be a good homemeaker” says Jovita Varias- De Guzman. They are passionate in keeping their family tacked and their home in order. The housewives are also the family’s treasurer. Carmen Guerero- Nakpil writes: In the Philippines as in no other country in the world, the men are tied to the women’s purse strings. Women, foreign commentators never fail to note, have a great deal more skill in trade than the men, and indeed “business” is the only profession Filipino women can practice without violating convention or losing caste. I.1 Definition of terms.
Politics- defined as the process by which groups of people make decisions. The term is generally applied to behaviour within civil government
Coup d’etat- a sudden decisive exercise of force in politics especially the violent overthrow of an exsisting government by a small group.
Martial Law- is the temporary rule by military authorities, imposed on a civilian population especially in time of war or when civil authority has broken down.
Pedophilia- term in law enforcement is generally used to describe those accused or convicted of the sexual abuse of a minor.
Impeachment- is the constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may accuse of misconduct the high officers of the government. 2. Background of Philippine politics:
Before the coming of the Spaniards, Philippines has its own unit of government, the barangay. Each barangay was independent and was ruled by a chieftain called datu or raja. He was the absolute ruler, the chief executive, chief legislator, the chief judge and the commander of the military. The women occupied a high position in the society. The laws and customs gave the women equality with the men. Women could own and inherit property, engaged in trade, and in the absence of a male heir, inherit or succeed to the headship of the barangay. (Leodivico Cruz Lacsamana,2003). This system of government was changed when the Spaniards started to colonize our country. The Spaniards relegated the Filipinas to a secondary position in society, while glorifying and assigning the Virgin Mary as a model for Filipino women. The arrival of the Spaniards and Catholicism also fixed the native Filipino women’s role to the church, the convent and the home. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_the_Philippines). It is only during Katipunan Government when the women’s role in the society was given an emphasis. When the wives of the Katipuneros became suspicious of the nocturnal absences of their husbands and that the latter were earning much less money, the doors of the Katipunan were opened to the women thereby bringing them into the confidence of their menfolk.
The most prominent members of the Katipunan women section were Marina Dizon, Josefa Rizal, Delfina Herbosa y Rizal, Angelina Lopez y Rizal, Macaria Pangilinan, Marta Saldana, and Gregoria de Jesus. These women guarded the secret papers and documents of the...
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