University of Phoenix
January 16, 2006
Influences on Ethics: Experience, Media and the History of Ideas: It can be difficult to come up with a method of evaluating decisions and forming unbiased opinions. To understand how ethics are influenced it is important to understand (1) how ethics are formed, (2) which forces are shaping them, and (3) what is a popular method of transmission. Chapters eight and nine of Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of your Professional and Personal Life by Paul and Elder, covers the (1) history of ideas, (2) media, and (3) experience. These topics are applied to their influence on ethics and decision making. This case study will define the three aspects written of by Paul and Elder. Finally, specific examples will be provided to demonstrate the topics covered by Paul and Elder. Experience
Fixing problems in the process of making life decisions comes from careful review. Experience in decision making is split into three parts by Paul and Elder (Paul and Elder xxxx): (1) early decisions, (2) adolescent decisions, and (3) early adult decisions. Paul and Elder describe the early decisions occurring from the age of two to eleven. Children should be modified from negative actions so they are not cemented in the later years. An urge for children to be accepted by peers can create situations that involve poor judgment. This does not mean removing all decision making from a child. Children can not be expected to learn responsibility if they are not making decisions. The decisions a child makes shape the personality and character of the adult to follow. The adolescent decisions are important according to Paul and Elder (Paul and Elder xxxx) because as an adolescent there is a move for more independence than there was in the early years. Young adults sometimes want the independence of decision making without the responsibility that is also...