Origins of Psychology and Research Methods Worksheet
Part I: Origins of Psychology
Within the discipline of psychology, there are several perspectives used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. The seven major perspectives in modern psychology are psychoanalytic, behaviorist, humanist, cognitive, neuroscientific/biopsychological, evolutionary, and sociocultural. Describe the seven major psychological perspectives using two to three sentences each. Select one major figure associated with one of the seven major perspectives and describe his or her work in two to three sentences. Type your response in the space below.
Psychoanalytic theory assess self –identity and the self in different ways. In order to explore their various meanings. It contains two hypotheses about unconscious mental functioning. According to the first, a person is not able to exert control over his unconscious mental life. According to the second hypothesis, a person may exert some degree of control over at least part of his unconscious mind. All basic psychoanalytic concepts and many basic psychoanalytic clinical observations assume, either explicitly or implicitly, one or the other of these hypotheses.
It is the study of the behavior and how surroundings can get affected, by individual observations. Job B Watson did not accept the idea of unconscious mind driving the behavior of individuals; instead , he believed that environment is the great effect on indivdial behavior.
Humanistic psychologists do not try to explain behavior in terms of its parts or hidden causes. They claim that people make deliberate, conscious decisions. It study the special qualities of a given individual as opposed to studying groups. Their research consists mostly of recording narratives, more like a biographic than like a scientists.
It focuses on the thoughts, perception, and information proceeding. Modern cognitive psychologist study the information the way we store information of mental processing. Cognitive development is the theory of Jean Piaget, he believes that children’s cognitive process, and development is different from adults.
It relates to scientists who uses sophisticated technology to study the behavior through the lens of genetics and some other parts of the nervious system. The beginning of the study of Physiology by Johannes Muller Marked, the most important of the work was dealing with the nervious actions and the sensese mechanism.
Evolutionary psychology is a relatively new discipline that applies the principles of Darwinian natural selection to the study of the human mind. A central claim is that the brain evolved to solve problems encountered by our hunter gatherer ancestors during the upper Pleistocene period over 10000 years ago, a time know as the Environment of Evolutionary Adaptation.
Part II: Research Methods
Describe research methods used in psychology by completing the following table. After completing the table, select two of the research methods and compare and contrast them in your own words. Your response must be at least 75 words.
|Research Methods | |Method |Purpose |Strengths |Weaknesses |Provide an example | |Experimental |Figure out the cause and |Allows research control |Ethical concerns, | | | |effect | |practical | | |Descriptive |Naturalistic observation,|Abbreviate, |Small or no control over |Make sure to observe a | | |surveys...