What is morphology? Morphology is the study of the internal structure of words, and of the rules by which words are formed. A morpheme is the smallest unit of language that expresses meaning or serves a grammatical function. The following are examples of words which are broken down into morphemes: 1) car= car
2) sailors = sail + or + s
3) unhappiness= un + happy + ness
Words that have more than one morpheme usually consist of a root word and on or more affixes, i.e. either prefixes or suffixes or both at the same time.
There are two types of morphemes; which are Free Morphemes and Bound Morphemes. Free morphemes are words whose structure cannot be broken down any further such as: 1) boy4) gentle
2) man5) sail
3) desire6) sad
While bound morphemes are morphemes that as a rule cannot stand alone, they must therefore be attached to other morphemes. Some examples of bound morphemes are the following: 1) –re3) – s5) –ful7) –un 9) – anti11) –ment 2) –or4) –th6) – ness8) – li10) – dis12) –ism These examples above are all affixes; bound morphemes can be divided into suffix morphemes and prefix morphemes, a few examples of prefix morphemes are the following: 1) un- 2) re-3) dis-
Aside from being divided into prefix and suffix morphemes; bound morphemes are also divided into Inflectional and Derivational Morphemes. Inflectional affixes serve a grammatical function; they are used to indicate certain grammatical feature. In English they are always suffixes and are sometimes simple called inflections. One of the many purposes of inflectional affixes is to indicate that a word is plural, for example: towel + s = towels
Irregular nouns often form their plurals by a change of vowel, e.g. goose is changed to geese. Another aspect of inflectional affixes is the...