Every year millions of children are born with disorders known as congenital anomalies. Congenital anomalies can very from child to child. Some of the major disorders are congenital heart defect (CHD), cleft lip and Down syndrome. Most of these disorders are caused from someone in your family who has previously had it. There are more than 4,000 different known birth defects, ranging from minor to serious, and although many can be treated or cured, they're the leading cause of death in the first year of life.
Keywords: Congenital hear defect, cleft lip, Down syndrome.
Congenital anomaly is something that is unusual or different at birth. Abnormalities are caused by problems during the fetus’s development before birth. When it comes to congenital anomaly there are two different types of it, a minor and a major (4). A minor anomaly is an unusual anatomic feature that does not require serious medical treatment or cosmetic work. An example of a minor anomaly would be something like a third nipple, indentions of the skin near the ears. While on the other hand a major anomaly might be a cleft lip and palate. A major anomaly is a birth defect that is in serious need of medical treatment. These are just some examples of congenital anomaly’s the list goes on and on. The most common birth defects are congenital heart defect (CHD), cleft lip and Down syndrome.
A congenital heart defect (CHD) is a problem that occurred as the baby’s heart was developing during the pregnancy. Congenital heart defects are the most common birth defects. This defect happens during the first eight weeks of the baby’s development. The defect can cause the blood flow to slow down, go in the wrong direction, go to the wrong place, or it may block the flow completely. Heart defects can be caused by environmental hazards or genetic factors. Some causes of heart defects are medication, alcohol, smoking, drugs and chronic illnesses....
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