Infection Control

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 57
  • Published : May 13, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
1.Define the following words
Antiseptics- is a substance, which inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms Asepsis- is the absence of infectious agents that may produce disease Autoclave- An appliance used to sterilize medical instruments or other objects with steam under pressure. Bacteria- are tiny, one-celled forms of life that cause many diseases and infections. Bactericidal- An agent that destroys bacteria

Bacteriostatic- Preventing bacteria from growing and multiplying but possibly not killing them. Cleaning- Cleaning using detergents helps to remove micro-organisms. Disinfection- Using specialized cleansing techniques that destroy or prevent growth of organisms capable of infection. Host-

Immunity- The condition of being immune; the protection against infectious disease conferred either by the immune response generated by immunization or previous infection or by other no immunologic factors. Immunocompromised- is a state in which a person's immune system is weakened or absent. Incubation period- the time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agent until signs and symptoms of the disease appear. Infection- is a condition in which all or part of the body is invaded by a pathogenic agent, which then multiplies to produce local and/or systemic injury Localised Infection- An infection that is limited to a specific part of the body and has local symptoms Primary Infection- The original outbreak of an illness against which the body has had no opportunity to build antibodies Secondary Infection- An infection that occurs during or after treatment of another, already existing infection. It may result from the treatment itself or from alterations in the immune system. Superinfection- Infection occurring after or on top of an earlier infection Systemic Infection- Infection, which affects the whole body

Micro- Organisms- The causative agents in the chain include bacteria, virus, fungi and protozoa. Pathogens- A bacterium, virus, or other...
tracking img