Siovhan M. Lawrence
An anxious woman wakes frantic, queasy, unsettled and nauseous. Her stomach rumbles and tightens as she ponders the inevitable. The first signs of pregnancy have begun as a tiny iota of a being has already begun developing in ways she cannot comprehend. What was once known as her 'belly' has now become a womb, a house per se, to allow the proper course science has intended to soon deliver a baby into the world. Fast forward nine months... As baby first enters the world, doctors and scientists have already devised a testing method to gauge the health of the newborn. This test is called the APGAR. Named after the eponymous doctor Virginia Apgar, Performed at one minute and five minutes after delivery, the test assesses breathing effort, heart rate, muscle tone, reflexes, and skin color (National Right to Life News, 2011). Although very important now, these examinations will be monitored and subject to normal screenings until the child is two years old, pending no other underlying conditions or concerns. The three prominent aspects of a babies development are physical, cognitive and social. Since the baby has just arrived, let us examine the physical development and expectations of baby from now until he turns two years old. Physical development includes body growth and development, the brain and nervous system, motor skills as well as sleep. Length, height and weight are the first measures of body growth and development. According to the CDC, growth charts are used as a tool to monitor and track the development of a baby based on typically developing infants per the pediatricians and nurses who have used them since 1977 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d.). By taking these quantitative measures doctors and professionals can gauge the likelihood of directionality of growth as well as possible downfall like failure to thrive. A baby's growth, physically, has...