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IND301 MAJOR ESSAY

LEADERSHIP

ELIZA O’NEILL - #00048540T

Part A: Introduction to Leadership

Leadership is when an individual has influence within a society. They offer aid, support and set an example for others to follow that create positive change that is used to complete tasks. The position or function of a leader, a person who guides or directs a group. Dictionaryonline.com, 2012

In Sun Tzu's "Art of War," the Chinese military general writes about leadership and what it requires. “The masterful leader cultivates the moral law, and strictly adheres to proper methods and discipline; thus it is in his power to control success”. While leadership and management work together, they are not the same thing. The differences are management plan, organise and coordinate. A leaders job is to inspire motivate and direct. Managers often use tools that have already been discovered to maintain teams where leaders innovate and develop. Management is all about systems, structure and control that are all dictated by the bottom line. Leaders eyes are aimed to the future and their focus is on the people that they wish to inspire and gain the trust of to create successful relationships through challenges.

The main difference is that management does at they are directed and right, where as leaders do the right thing.

“Two great principles of leadership are: 1) Leaders are made not born. 2) Leadership is a journey not a destination, a process not a program”. Steve Stanley, Energy Pulse 2007

The practice of leadership is important because it maximizes efficiency and aids in reaching organizational goals. It also creates a better understanding of what a leader is and how to be an effective influential leader. By understanding this it will initiate actions, how to create motivation and provide guidance. It also builds and creates confidence and build morale within a work environment that will help achieve full co-operation so that employees perform at their best at achieving the set goals.

Leadership can be measured in a variety of ways. Over long-term leadership can be measured by weather success is achieved through continuous improvement and the impact that it has to human resources. The number of employees in a workplace who are inspired to follow in order to grow professionally and socially. The setting of goals is also an important tool for measurement by using a leadership style and seeing how effective it was, how quickly the goal was achieved and to what standard.

Part B: Overview of the History of “Leadership Studies”

The history of leadership
Leadership has always been apart of life from the beginning of time. From the 1900’s to the 1950’s the main focus was differentiating the differences between leader and follower characteristics. The findings showed that not one single trait or combination of traits fully explained the leaders abilities. So this began the research of the influence of the situation on leaders skills and behaviors. This was done to try and identify what makes an effective leader; researchers used the contingency model in examining the connection between personal traits, situational variables, and leader effectiveness.

Then in the 1970’s and 1980’s the focus again remained on the individuals characteristics and what their influences were that affected their effectiveness and created success within their organisation. The conclusion was that leaders and leadership are crucial but complex components of organisations.

The evolution of theories has been forever changing and many theories have been presented different findings that all indicate the variety of different perceptions of what leadership is and what makes a leader.

Some of these theories include:

* The behavioural theory, which is focused more on the behaviours and patterns of a leader rather than an individual.

* The trait theory associates individual’s characteristics and their ability to lead. These...
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