Industry Development and REDD+ projects in Papua New Guinea.
Student: Collethy Jaru (盐水), LSYG20110002. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Msc: Physical Geography
Geography Department, Faculty of Earth Sciences.
China University of Geo sciences.
TABLE OF CONTENTS: PAGE:
Introduction: 3 1. General Situation: 3
2.1. Tropical Rainforest in PNG: 3- 4 2.2. Industry Development in PNG: 4- 6
2. Deforestation in PNG: 6 3.3. Changes in PNG Rainforest: 7- 10 3.4. Drivers of Deforestation & their Impact: 11
3. REDD in PNG: 11 4.5. Introduction of REDD: 11- 15 4.6. Implementation of REDD+ projects in PNG:
Conclusion: 16 References: 17-18.
Rainforest has been my surroundings since I can remember. Growing up in the jungles of Papua New Guinea are my early memories of childhood and it still is a life time experience for me. I remember taking long walks in the jungles with my grandfather, who used to tell me lots of stories about my people in the past and how they inter- relate with the rainforest. The rainforest was their home and now it is mine. Now looking back and comparing my childhood memories of the rainforest and today, it is so different. The once beautiful and serene quality of the rainforest and its diverse inhabitants, have faded to dusty and dirty roads just because my people wanted development and money. In wanting development, they have exchanged it with the beauty of the environment. The environment has been my interest since grade school, thus I took up Physical Geography when in college. The impact to the rainforest due to human wants and needs is so disastrous. Thus this paper aims to discuss industry development and destruction of rainforests; especially tropical rainforest in Papua New Guinea, human’s impact and REDD + projects implemented to help conserve and preserve it. 1. General Situation:
2.1. Tropical Rainforest in Papua New Guinea (PNG):
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is an island country located in the Pacific Ocean. It has a total area of 462 840 km², of which 452 860 km² is land mass and 9 980 km² is water. Its coastline is 5 152 km long. Papua New Guinea is largely mountainous, and much of it (65%) is covered with tropical rainforest. (Andrea Babon, August, 2011) Papua New Guinea is well known for its diverse environmental fauna and flora, (proudly hosting 7.5% of the world’s plant diversity, which is 15-20,000 plant and animal species, 2000 are plant species of which 400 are commercial timber trees) and marine ecosystems, starting from the highlands to the coast. Most of these species are endemic to Papua New Guinea. (Eunice Dus, March, 2011). Papua New Guinea also has a...