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TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND EFFECTIVE UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIPS The Experience of China, India, Japan, Philippines, the Republic of Korea, Singapore and Thailand

WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY O R G A N I Z AT I O N

THE PRESENT STUDY* IS BASED ON RESEARCH** CONDUCTED BY A GROUP OF EXPERTS UNDER THE COORDINATION OF: Mr. Risaburo Nezu, Senior Executive Fellow, Economic Research Center, Fujitsu Research Institute, Japan WITH THE PARTICIPATION OF: Chou Siaw Kiang, Vice-Dean, External and Industry Relations, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore Prabuddha Ganguli, Advisor to the Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai, India Krisnachinda Nithad, Chairman, Industrial Technology Center, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Thailand Koji Nishio, Research Fellow, Economic Research Center, Fujitsu Research Institute, Japan Lydia G. Tansinsin, Lecturer, Graduate School on Project Management and Technology Management, University of Santo Tomas, Philippines Hwa-Chom Yi, Associate Professor, School of Mechanical Engineering, Yeungnam University, Republic of Korea Jia Yujian, Standing Director, National Technology Transfer Center, Xi’an Jiaotong University, People’s Republic of China PROJECT FUNDED BY THE JAPANESE FUND-IN-TRUST

* The views expressed in this study are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of WIPO. ** Each national study is published on the WIPO website (http://www.wipo.int/uipc/en/partnership/)

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND EFFECTIVE UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIPS The Experience of China, India, Japan, Philippines, the Republic of Korea, Singapore and Thailand

WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY O R G A N I Z AT I O N

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PREFACE
I am pleased to present this study on Technology Transfer, Intellectual Property Rights and University-Industry Partnerships: The Experience of China, India, Japan, Philippines, the Republic of Korea, Singapore and Thailand. Universities worldwide play a leading role in advancing the frontiers of science and technology. In recent years, a key concern for policy-makers has been how to ensure that the wealth of knowledge generated within universities can be transferred to industry so that society in general, and local businesses in particular, can benefit from university scientific and technological expertise. The realization that important research results would not reach society as a result of bottlenecks in the commercialization of university research results led to increasing interest in finding the most adequate frameworks to promote university-industry partnerships for the transfer of technology. Intellectual property rights have been identified in many countries as a mechanism that provides the necessary incentives for the commercialization of university research results. Data from a number of Asian countries show a marked increase in the number of patent applications filed by universities. National governments have enacted policies to promote university-industry technology transfer, and various Asian universities have adopted formal intellectual property policies and established technology transfer offices to manage their intellectual property rights. The time, therefore, seemed ripe for embarking on an analysis of university-industry partnerships for technology transfer in Asia, with a view to identifying some of the lessons that may be learned for the future. I would like to express my gratitude to all the researchers who have contributed to this endeavor. I hope that the study proves to be an effective tool in understanding recent developments in Asia, and will provide useful insights to policy-makers engaged in finding the most effective ways to promote the development of university-industry partnerships.

Kamil Idris Director General, WIPO 2007

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART 1: OVERVIEW OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AND EFFECTIVE...
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