Industries of Pakistan

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Industries in Pakistan
Hamza Roll # 30 BBA-V Sec A Economy of Pakistan Sir Faseeh

INDEX
MANUFACURING SECTOR Automobile Industry Cement Industry Engineering Industry Pharmaceutical Industry Leather Industry Textile Industry Gems & Jewelry Industry Oil & Gas Industry Chemical Industry Fashion Industry Food & Beverages Industry Tobacco Industry Energy Industry Construction Industry Sugar Industry SERVICES SECTOR Financial Services Industry Aviation Industry Education Industry Telecommunication & IT Industry REFERENCES …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. 41 43 44 46 48 …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. …………………………………. 1 8 11 13 16 19 23 25 27 28 30 32 33 36 37

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Industries in Pakistan
Pakistan has been an agrarian economy since its independence. In 1947, agriculture contributed more than 62% towards the GDP whereas contribution of manufacturing sector towards GDP was only 7%. Pakistan inherited only 5% of the large scale industrial facilities from British India. At that time Pakistan hardly had any industrial base and was without any institutional, financial or energy resources. Besides, basic infrastructural facilities, technical skills and other pre-requisites for development were also lacking. Since then the industrial sector in Pakistan has flourished manifolds and Pakistan is now being considered as one of the rapidly growing economies of the region. Industries in Pakistan are divided into two main sectors namely manufacturing sector and services sector.

Manufacturing Sector
Automobile Industry
The automotive industry rightly prides itself on being recognized as the ―mother of all industries.‖ In its folds it carries many different kinds of vehicles to provide mobility to people and goods. While they may appear to be simple machines, their design and manufacturing have much deeper roots in all the known technologies. In-depth knowledge and skillful application of mechanical, electrical, electronics, chemical and a host of other technologies culminate in achievement and improvement of the manufacturing base of a country, by focusing on a single product ―the automobile.‖ This then provides an opportunity to produce a large number of goods and services for consumption of the entire international community. Use of the word ―mother‖ for automotive industry is therefore the most appropriate description to define the nature and importance of the industry. In recent years, we have witnessed that the industrialization of South East Asian countries greatly depend on the development of their automotive industry. Similarly, automotive industry acted as a catalyst in the overall growth of the industry in Japan and the Koreas and the consequent wellbeing of their citizens. It is indeed heartening that the mother has once again smiled at Pakistan. Fortunately the last 3 years have witnessed phenomenal growth in the industry in terms of technological advancements and production/sale volumes with the local contents rising as high as 90%. Hamza Roll # 30 BBA V Sec A | INDUSTRIES OF PAKISTAN

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The industry is already employing some 120,000 people, contributing more than Rs. 12 billion to GDP, contributing more than Rs. 30 billion to the national exchequer in terms of duties and taxes, attracted investment worth Rs. 52 billion including a substantial foreign investment. Today the customers have choice to pick from a wide range of products including motorcycles, trucks, buses and cars of premier Japanese and Korean brands at internationally competitive prices which has only become possible due to local contents and availability of highly productive and inexpensive human resources. An automobile has over 2000 components and parts out of which the assemblers usually concentrate on the manufacturing of...
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