Identify the issues raised by the growth of Manchester and analyze the various reactions to those issues over the course of the nineteenth century. Thesis: Industrialization rapidly changed the city of Manchester during the nineteenth century. The city experienced both positive and negative effects as a result of being industrialized. The factories caused many health issues for Manchester as a whole such as polluting rivers and filling the air with smog. These reasons and the factories working conditions were enough to harm both the laborers and the gentry alike (Documents one, two, six, seven, eight and eleven). Although industrialization brought negative effects to Manchester, the city also benefitted from it. By modernizing the city, increasing population, and increasing trade profits Manchester greatly benefitted from being industrialized (Documents one, three, nine and ten). Both the positive and negative aspects of industrialized Manchester brought different reactions from different social classes. The laborers and the poor wanted reforms while politicians and gentry saw no reason to change anything (Documents three, four, and five). Body 1: The Industrial Revolution made Manchester the biggest industrial town the world had seen in the nineteenth century. Being industrial at all was hazardous to the population’s health. Document one shows two maps that compare Manchester in 1750 and in 1850. In 1750 Manchester was a small town that was hardly industrial. In 1850 Manchester had become a major industrial center and had many factories. These factories created smog which made the air deadly to breathe and polluted rivers and the man-made canals and made them unfit for drinking water or washing clothes. Document two is an article written by Robert Southey, after he visited Manchester in 1807. Robert comments on how dirty and unclean the city is and claims that “a place more destitute than Manchester is not easy to conceive”....
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