Course code: HRM-303
Instructed By: Amita Das
JATIYA KABI KAZI NAZRUL ISLAM UNIVERSITY
Chapter 1: Introduction Q. 1. What do you understand by the term “society”? Society is a concept and idea. The term society is the most fundamental one in sociology. It is used in very wide sense. In common parlance, the society is to refer to members of specific groups. For example, we speak of Harijan Society, Teacher’s society and Student’s Society and the like. Similarly, the word is used to refer to some specific institution like, Brahma Samaj, Arya Samaj etc. But in sociology, the term “Society” refers not to group of people but the complex pattern of the norms of interaction that arise among them. People are only the agents of social relationship, they are regarded as things. A society is intangible; it is a process rather than a thing, motion rather than structure”. Society is a web of social relationships, the pattern of norms of interaction by which the members of the society maintain themselves. Some definitions of ‘society’ are given below: “Society is a state or quality of mind I.e. a group of sentient beings”- R.M Meiver. “Society is a co-operation” – R.M Meiver. “Society is the union itself, the sum of formal relations in which associating individuals are bound together”- Giddings. “The term society refers not to group of people, but to the complex pattern of the norms of interaction, which arise among and between them”- Lapiere. “Society is an organized people who engage in co-operation for obtaining common objects or interest”- Giddings. So we can say that, society is a system of usage and procedures, authority and mutual aid, of many groupings and divisions, of human behavior and of liberties. Q. 2. What do you mean by the term ‘Industry’? Industry means any systematic activity carried on by co-operation between an employer and his workmen are worked for the production, supply or distribution of goods or services with a view to satisfy human wants or wishes. In other word’s industry is an organization where the policies of production are made. Such asWhat to produce How to produce and for whom to produce with an eye to view the market and satisfy the needs of the people. It includes the good relation and behavior between the owner
and the workers for Industrial growth. Govt. also plays an important part in running the Industry smoothly. According to Bangladesh labour act, 2006, “Industry means any business, trade, manufacture, calling, service, employment or occupation” According to the Payment of wages Act 1936, “Industry means any establishment in which articles are produce, adopted or manufactured with a view to their uses, transport or sell” Again, from the social point of view, “Industry refers to manufacturing and disposal of manufactured goods”- Eugin Schneider In other words, “Industry is a transportation process which changes matarials into usable goods and services of utility to mankind”
Q-3. What do you understand by the term “Sociology”?
Auguste Comte introduced the word "sociology" for the first time in his famous book "Positive Philosophy" at about 1839. The term "Sociology" is derived from the Latin word Socius, meaning ‘companion’ or ‘associate’, and the Greek word logos, meaning ‘study’ or ‘science’. Auguste Comte was a French social philosopher who is generally credited with being the "Father of Sociology”. Sociology is the ordered, logical study of human society and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions. It is a social science which uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about human social activity, structures, and functions. Now according to various Sociologists: 1. Auguste Comte: "Subject to natural and invariable laws, the discovery of which is the object of investigation". 2. Kingsley Davis: "Sociology is a general science of society". 3. Harry M. Johnson: "sociology is the...