Industrial Sociology

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Course code: HRM-303

Instructed By: Amita Das


Chapter 1: Introduction Q. 1. What do you understand by the term “society”? Society is a concept and idea. The term society is the most fundamental one in sociology. It is used in very wide sense. In common parlance, the society is to refer to members of specific groups. For example, we speak of Harijan Society, Teacher’s society and Student’s Society and the like. Similarly, the word is used to refer to some specific institution like, Brahma Samaj, Arya Samaj etc. But in sociology, the term “Society” refers not to group of people but the complex pattern of the norms of interaction that arise among them. People are only the agents of social relationship, they are regarded as things. A society is intangible; it is a process rather than a thing, motion rather than structure”. Society is a web of social relationships, the pattern of norms of interaction by which the members of the society maintain themselves. Some definitions of ‘society’ are given below: “Society is a state or quality of mind I.e. a group of sentient beings”- R.M Meiver. “Society is a co-operation” – R.M Meiver. “Society is the union itself, the sum of formal relations in which associating individuals are bound together”- Giddings. “The term society refers not to group of people, but to the complex pattern of the norms of interaction, which arise among and between them”- Lapiere. “Society is an organized people who engage in co-operation for obtaining common objects or interest”- Giddings. So we can say that, society is a system of usage and procedures, authority and mutual aid, of many groupings and divisions, of human behavior and of liberties. Q. 2. What do you mean by the term ‘Industry’? Industry means any systematic activity carried on by co-operation between an employer and his workmen are worked for the production, supply or distribution of goods or services with a view to...
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