The Industrial Revolution played a major role in shaping today's modern world. It began in 18th century Britain; the heart of the Industrial Revolution. At this time, Britain had just experienced the Agricultural Revolution, which led to many new concepts and inventions; these inventions replaced many farmer's jobs, so these farmers went to look for work in factories. Great Britain also controlled many colonies from whom they gained valuable resources. Surprisingly, it was not until a century later that other countries took place in the Industrial Revolution. This essay will focus on why the Industrial Revolution began in 18th century Britain.
During the Agricultural Revolution, many new machines and tools were invented that improved the efficiency of farming. Instead of 5 men needed to grow a field of crops, only 2 men were needed. This meant that many farmers were out of jobs, as these machines and tools had replaced them. Many of these farmers moved to the city to seek new jobs in new factories. This sparked a population boom, Britain gained valuable knowledge and concepts during the Agricultural Revolution. Animal breeders only bred the animals with the best traits, meaning that their offspring would have those same traits. More efficient ways to farm crops were discovered, along with ways to keep the soil rich with nutrients. Without these concepts, many industries like the cotton and wheat industries would not have been as effective or efficient.
For the Industrial Revolution to take place, Britain needed a sustainable energy source to promote all of the activity. This could not be done with wood, which was their first energy source. This new source would need to be efficient and plentiful. Luckily, Britain had an abundance of coal, which was both efficient and plentiful. Without coal, the Industrial Revolution would not have been possible. As the demand for coal grew higher, coal mines grew deeper. This put the mines at a greater chance of flooding....
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