* John Hargreave changes the position of spinning wheel from vertical to horizontal. * James Watt develops first workable steam engine.
* 1769, the development of a “water frame” that stretch cotton fibers into tighter yarn was developed by Richard Arkwight. He invents a “factory” by installing many water frames under one roof. He then employs 5,000 workers in 1776, these workers mostly consists of children and women. * 1775, James Watt forms an engine-building and an engineering partnership with manufacturer Matthew Boulton, forming Boulton & Watt. In order to solve technical problems and disseminate solutions to other companies, it was a kind of early R&D center. * 1779, “the mule” was introduced by Samuel Crompton, which improves mechanized spinning by decreasing t danger that threads would break, created a finer thread. * 1785, Edmund Cartwright patents a power loom.
* 1830, George Stephenson begins rail service between Liverpool and London. * On 1822, Charles Babbage demonstrates the first mechanical calculator, an ancestor of the modern computer. * On 1840, Samuel Cunard begins transatlantic steamship service.