"Industrial Revolution: From Blood and Iron"

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"Industrial Revolution: From Blood and Iron"

--Overview: This essay reviews the Political, Social, and Economical situations of France and Britain during the French and Industrial Revolutions.

--Improvements: Could use a better conclusion.

--Question(s): "The French and the Industrial Revolution occurred almost simultaneously. Many Historians have argued that this was no mere coincedence. In what ways were the two revolutions similar in their social, political, and economic consequences? In which ways different? Would you agree that the events in France and Britain were part of the same revolutionary process? Be certain to include a discussion of Napoleon's influence.


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The Industrial Revolution changed the face of the planet as we know it. Europe catapulted itself into a new era through the use of iron, coal, steam, and steel. The Businessmen/Bourgeoisie also exploited the workers who man-powered the machines and tools that fueled this revolution. This passage shall shed some light on the French and British Revolutions.


By the 1780's, Britain had established itself as one of the business juggernauts of their time. One of the major factors of Britain's success was the abundance of coal, lignite, and iron ore deposits. Britain, unlike any other country, had many large deposits closely located near each other. This meant after mining the raw materials, it took very little time to get them to the factories to be processed and manufactured into goods or fuel.

Britain also had an enormous population of workers. There was 20 percent (plus) of the population living in cities of 100,000 or more. This entailed to many humongous cities that became centers of it's industrial revolution. Much of the British labor population although poor were not

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living just on subsistence, unlike the rest of the European countries. (Western Civilizations + Notes)

Britain was also seeing a massive expansion of trade, and economic policies. Parliament being sympathetic to commercial capitalist ideals, wrote bills designating enclosure of agricultural land for farming crops. This was supposed to be the same way of farming as before but the smallest farmers didn't have enough land to survive, so they went elsewhere for work. Now with the absence of internal tariffs and tolls, entrepreneurs and marketers could move about freely to sell their goods for the best price without having to worry about someone dipping into their profits.

Throughout the late 1700's, Britain had seen many technological advances in machinery and factories. This not only ignited the employment rate, but also "mixed" the sexes in the duties of jobs. Men, Women, and children were working side by side in many factories, working sometimes their counterpart's stereotyped job duties. This not only caused protests, but caused fears of the effect of technology and industry on "nature".

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Since Britain had massive amounts of coal, there was no wait or need to import this important fuel source.

Exports were at an all time high in the early 1800's. Britain had discovered a higher grade of iron, steel, which

was formed by heating the iron to extreme temperatures destroying more of the impurities embedded within itself.

(Western Civilizations + Notes)

France on the other hand, was in economic turmoil. This country had been dealing with countless numbers of inadequate and corrupt rulers. Capitalist ideals were being integrated in everyday life in Europe, and the people of France were having a hard time dealing with a corrupt monarchy, then revolted and establishing a republic.

There were very few coal deposits located in France. There wasn't even a well regulated and efficient timber manufacturing system to help them explore for more deposits. France was just coming from a bankrupt government and capital wasn't readily available for use, opposed to Britain which was the center of business and trade.

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