Industrial Revolution

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 248
  • Published : February 13, 2002
Open Document
Text Preview
During the second half of the 17th century, there were a drastic breakthrough in mainly Great Britain's, but gradually the rest of the worlds development, that would lead to radical changes in peoples lives, working relations and environment. Industrial revolution was so fundamental that it's often compared with the transition from farming to stock raising, which began several thousand years before the birth of Christ. Considering the uses of natural resources, can human history be dived up into three pieces of varying length; hundreds of thousands years before "the agricultural revolution", thousands of years between this and the Industrial revolution and the two hundreds years after the beginning of Industrial revolution. Before Industrial revolution, man did the most work in society. During 17th century people started to invent machines. Accompanied by changes in agriculture, science and the treatment of people, the Industrial revolution shaped a new kind of life. 2.1 Limitations

I, sometimes have difficulties to draw limits. When it comes to such big and wide subject as the Industrial revolution, it is of course very difficult to write and understand it all. It is also difficult to decide what is important enough to bring in the essay and what you should omit. Therefor I decided to write a rather comprehensive job. I haven't focused on any particular part, but written what, when, how and why the Industrial revolution is /occurred.

2.2 Aims
I want this essay to contain as much information as possible of the Industrial revolution or "Second wave" as it is also called, on the few pages that I will write.

I have only written this essay based on written material. I have used a lot of information from the Internet, but also from a very good book called "The Industrial Revolution in World History" written by a professor called Peter N. Stearns. If I decided to write a part from one book, or from an Internet site, I always compared it with another source, to see the differences and similarities. Dictionaries are often very sweeping in the subject, and there are both good and bad sides about that. I have decided also to write the centuries in Swedish form. So 17th century is in our time scale "sjuttonhundratalet".

4.1 The beginning
A Revolution doesn't mean only changes and development. It means rapid changes and developments. (Evolution means slow / gradual changes).

The British Industrial Revolution consisted of an unusual powerful and sudden innovation wave. A serie of technical ideas were combined step by step to form new systems. Mainly two of these got a big importance and lead to the textile industry and coalfield technology.

The Industrial Revolution was not a sudden appearance; it was the result of a long learning period. The most common to say that it "started" was in Great Britain for 250 years ago. The initial stages were in the 1760th. Within a half decade it started to spread, at first to the north west parts of Europe and to the USA. The early industrialisation in Belgium, France started around the 1820th. Industrialisation process arose from the extensive changes that occurred in the world economy.

4.2 Britain and the increased population
Before the 17th century, the most prominent economies in the world, was characterised by handicraft works and a big labour force that was engaged to farming. Some factors started during the 17th century that gave rise to the worlds first Industrial revolution, such as rise of the middle class, expansion of trade and markets, centralisation of the state and scientific revolution. Many of these were specific for Great Britain, were the Industrial revolution started. New farming methods came to use during late 16th century. Farmers in many parts of Europe, including Ireland, France, started to raise potatoes. A plant from the "New World", that for a long tome was seen with a big suspiciousness. A higher...
tracking img