Positive and Negative Effects of Industrial Revolution
Depending on the view of people during the period of the Industrial Revolution, positive and negative effects were seen that directly contrasted each other. The Industrial Revolution was the time from 1760 to around 1820, and it was technological developments that made it possible to produce goods by machines rather than by hand that harnessed inanimate sources of energy. As it is seen from the definition, there were many benefits from this, such as mass production (leading to cheaper, and better quality of products), technology improvements (such as transportation), but there were the costs from this, including harsh child labor, polarization, and others. Many of the people who were using new equipment produced, see the Industrial Revolution as a way for us to improve the equipment and technology that has come to what we have now. Andrew Ure describes the children in “The philosophy of Manufactures”, that “they seemed to be always cheerful and alert, taking pleasure in the light play of their muscles” (Doc 3). The author takes the revolution as a place where the workers were able to enjoy life and gain their necessities from their working. HE also believes that factories provided a better environment to the home, which meant that their house wasn’t ill aired, damp, and cold. “The Working Man’s Companion”, published in 1831 shows that there were “an infinite number of comforts and conveniences which had no existence” (Doc 4) before the revolution. Profit that was made, raised the economic side of society, and as Bentely in T&E states, the economic development became better in lands that were colonized by Europe. The high wages encouraged laborsaving technologies, and due to this, many places in the World including Canada, Argentina, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand were industrialized. A pamphlet describes that there are more people that have jobs, and these people (including kids) were well...
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