industrial relation

Topics: United States, Collective bargaining, Employment Pages: 5 (1089 words) Published: October 15, 2014


Historic events that shaped the evolution of the U.S. Industrial Relations System Makayla Harding
Eastern Nazarene College

October 1, 2014
Industrial Relations
BAM 063

Historic events that shaped the evolution of the U.S. Industrial Relations System Historical Events
Indentured Servants
The United States started out small as a colony of Britain, relying on the “mother country” to supply them with food, shelter, and people. Due to this need to grow there become indentured servants. Indentured servants were people who came over to America usually to get away from something or to pay off debts. Indentured servants were sold by the ships captain as soon as they made land for servitude for a maximum of seven years. Since there was labor an ample amount of people to work the fields. America became a dominating agriculture for the United States growth during its early years. Most of the Indentured servants were from Africa or the East Indies. Shortage of Skilled Labor

There may have been plenty of people to work the fields in agriculture but there was a lack of skilled workers. Skilled works were people who were tailors, blacksmiths, masonries, and others. Skilled workers are considered to be the first entrepreneurs of the United States. Skilled workers were is short supply so much so that they were luring away apprentices to their own businesses. With people moving from company to company the skilled workers were also trying to outbid each other to get the jobs and creating a price increase for people. All of these conflicts that were created between the skilled labors created the Mass Bay Colony & other governments that regulated price points and prevents employees from being lured away. Due to the diverse workforce there was little intersect in the forming country to form unions like the “mother country”. Everyone who came to the new country was working: men, women, all races and colors. Union View

Colonial Period
During the rise of the colonies there was not a huge interest in unions but the unions that did form really had no collective bargaining. When faced with an issue by the employer or the employee there were demands that were made only one side got what they wanted. That usually meant that someone was out of a job or the company had to make something right. Craftsmen were the first ones to challenge this concept and started to barter for thing, creating collective bargaining. After the craftsmen became more and more successful at this others began to coordinate amongst themselves and with other to face the employer head on as a group. Criminal Conspiracy

Unions soon became the target for employers. In 1840 there was a court case that ruled that unions were a criminal conspiracy against employers. A criminal conspiracy was when the unions impinged on the industrial workers’ freedoms to contract with their employers directly therefore creating a hostile work environment. Unions then became banned in the United States. In 1842 another case Commonwealth vs. Hunt the courts found that unions were not a criminal conspiracy and were no longer banned in the United States, this meant that unions had to rebuild. Unions started to organize after that and created limitations on child labor as well as time limits on when people could work. Soon the American Federation of Labor was put into place where they were finally able to overcome the employer successfully. Management View

Management did try to stop unions from forming in the United States they even created the Yellow-Dog contract. The Yellow-Dog contract was essentially if a person joined a union they were then fired. Management saw labor as a commodity and asserted their rights as owners to treat people as such. The first managers were line force man who oversaw workers by firing, hiring and supervising the work that needed to be done to create hire profit for the company. This came about because one person could no longer look after...
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