Industrial/Organizational psychology has not been around as long as psychology, but I/O psychology is rapidly growing. The evolution field of I/O psychology shows how I/O psychology has become part of psychology. I/O psychology is part of psychology, but it is different by focusing on the industrial and organizational portions of organizations. Organizations hire I/O psychologists to help them have a properly functioning organization. I/O psychology uses research and statistics to look at an organization and find the proper solution to helping an organization function properly. Evolution of I/O psychology
Industrial/Organizational psychology can be traced back to the 1800s and early 1900s, but did not become known as a part of psychology until the twentieth century. In 1921, the first PhD was awarded and Psychological Corporation was founded (Spector, 2008, p. 10). In 1913, the first I/O textbook was published. “The first psychologists to do I/O work were experimental psychologists who were interested in applying the new principles of psychology to problems in organizations” (Spector, 2008, p. 9). Hugo Munsterberg and Walter Dill Scott are the two experimental psychologists who were the main founders of I/O psychology. “A major influence on the I/O field was the work of Frederick Winslow Taylor, an engineer who studied employee productivity throughout his career during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries” (Spector, 2008, p. 10). Frank and Lillian Gilbreth worked together to understand how people perform tasks in his or her workplace. I/O psychology was first used by the U.S. military during World War I. How I/O Psychology is Different from Other Disciplines of Psychology “Psychology is the science of human (and nonhuman) behavior, cognition, emotion, and motivation. I/O psychology falls into the latter category of being concerned with both psychological science and its application to issues of...
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