"Industrial Growth in the United States for 1860-1900"

Topics: United States, Rail transport, Andrew Carnegie Pages: 2 (791 words) Published: April 1, 2004
Many important factors helped to promote America's huge industrial growth during the period from 1860 to 1900. Before the blossom of this industrialization, the United States consisted of mostly farms and small towns. The development of factories and urban cities soon changed all of this. The railroad system expanded and eventually turned into a goldmine for commerce in the United States. Machinery started to decrease the amount of animal labor used, which allowed the consistency and production of goods to rise. As it reached the brink of the 20th century, America had surprisingly become the world's greatest industrial nation in history.

The Civil War, caused by Southern states seceding from the Union, sparked the beginning of the United States' industrial growth. As the war came to and end, reconstruction within the country began to take place. Many new ideas and inventions began to pop up and American business leaders recognized them. One of these ideas was a railroad that would run from coast to coast. In 1862, the building of this Transcontinental Railroad began. It was finished by 1869 and drastically increased cultural diffusion. The Republican party of the Federal Government was in control during most of the country's industrial boom. Their platform wanted to impose tariffs, or taxes, on foreign goods to keep America's spending within its own borders. They also supported the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad. The railroad allowed goods to be sold throughout the whole country, which in turn increased production and sales. At that point in time, as well as today, time equaled money. Travel times were cut, and therefore money was raked in more than ever before. By 1900, there was almost 200,000 miles of railroad track in America. This was an increase of over 160,000 miles from 1860. The United States was "on track" to becoming a huge industrial nation.

During the period of time between 1860 and 1900, there were many needs in industry. These...
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