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BIBL 350 – Inductive Bible Study
Assignments for Submission #4
Assignment 19-4: Deuteronomy 22:8
“When you build a new house, make a parapet around your roof so that you may not bring the guilt of bloodshed on your house if someone falls from the roof.”
(1) Study the text and make as many observations as you can. List the observations in the space provided. Be sure that you understand the meanings of all the words. Do background study and word studies as needed to understand each term. (2) Identify both the historical-cultural context and the literary context. Regarding the historical-cultural context: "When and where is this law given?" Regarding the literary context, "What does the surrounding text discuss?" (3) Apply the Interpretive Journey to the text by completing the following: Step 1: Grasp the text in their town. What does the text mean to the biblical audience? Step 2: Measure the width of the river to cross. What are the differences between the biblical audience and us? Step 3: Cross the Principlizing Bridge. What is the theological principle in this text? Step 4: Cross into the New Testament. Does the New Testament teaching modify or qualify this principle, and if so, how? Step 5: Grasp the text in our town. How should individual Christians today apply the modified theological principle in their lives?
(1) Textual Observations:
The original audience of this book was Israel, and it was written around 1407/6 B. C. by Moses. Most of Deuteronomy is comprised of a series of speeches that Moses delivers to the Israelites on God’s behalf. This verse implies that during that time, people must have spent time together on their roofs. Also, it appears that if someone dies at your home, even if it may be an accident, the guilt of bloodshed still is on your house (not just one person).
(2a) Identify Historical-Cultural Setting:
Laws concerning community life in the land (i.e. Building codes), responsibility towards neighbors.
(2b) Identify Literary Context:
“parapet for your roof” A parapet was a protective barrier around the top of flat-roofed homes to keep people from falling. Again Israel was to think about how to protect covenant brothers, sisters, and family members.
As Israel was preparing to go into the promise land, they would be building new homes, these homes were to include a “parapet” (a short wall around the upper level of a house), apparently something that wasn’t necessary while they were in Egypt. The Israelites were to take specific measures to prevent death, even if it meant putting a “guard rail” on their roofs, which were often used as a porch in their culture. (3a) Step #1: Grasp the Text in Their Town:
We are not under the old covenant. Our sins are covered by the blood of Christ, and our blessings and prosperity is no longer conditionally based on the observance of the law.
We are not about to enter nor receive the material blessings of the promise land.
Generally, we do not have homes that have a roof that is used as a porch. (3b) Step #2: Measuring the Width of the River to Cross:
God wants His people to be genuinely concerned about the care and protection of others and their families. This would be a demonstration of their love for their neighbors and others and the value of their lives. (3c) Step #3: Crossing the Principlizing Bridge:
Loving your neighbor is continually stressed in the New Testament. In fact it is listed as the second most important commandment—“Love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no commandment greater than these.” (Mark 12:31) However we are under the new covenant and we have the Holy Spirit living in us to help us grow in our love for others Gal. 5:22, Rom. 5:5). We’ve had God’s love demonstrated for us and all people by Christ’s sacrificial, servant’s death on the cross. “This is...
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