The Border defines geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions, such as governments, sovereign states, federated states and other sub national entities. Boundaries not only exist between different countries but also different states within a country —such as a state's internal administrative borders, or inter-state borders within the Area—are open and completely unguarded. Other borders are partially or fully controlled, and may be crossed legally only at designated border checkpoints and border zones may be controlled. Some, mostly contentious, borders may even foster the setting up of buffer zones. Border laws: In the past, many borders were not clearly defined lines, but were neutral zones. However, in modern times, the concept of a neutral zone has been replaced by that of the clearly defined and demarcated border and often contracts are made between different countries. These agreements are made to promote, facilitate and protect important activities like trade, cross-border immigration, security etc. It is a known fact that all countries are dependent on other countries for many things like raw materials etc .No country is self-sufficient in all aspects. For example, a developing country like India has to import many new technologies from outside countries and in the same way many raw materials are taken from different countries by the developed world.
The world’s two largest populated and newest emerging economic, neighbors and one of the largest and important trading partners of India in the present time is China. The relation between China and India has gone through many changes through time . India & China signed a Trade Agreement in 1984 which provided for the Most Favored later in 1994, the two countries signed an agreement to avoid double taxation. The Bilateral trade crossed US$13.6 billion in 2004 from US$ 4.8 billion in 2002, reaching $18.7 billion in 2005. The India –China trade relation have been further developed from 2006, with the initiation of the border trade between Tibet, an autonomous region of China, and India through Nathu La Pass, reopened after more than 40 years. The leaders of both the countries have taken full advantage of the situation and have furthered their aim of the bilateral trade. In 2010 trade between India and China reached 61.3 billion with highest being in 2011 i.e. of 73.9 billion. Although in the field of trade India-China relation s seem to have touched new heights but still in the other field s like border issues, Tibet, etc similar achievements lack. The most disputed areas between India-China would be: South Tibet – One of the disputed areas between China and India, inhabited by Moinbas, Lhobas (Adi), and Daibameis Aksai Chin – Another disputed areas between India and China, inhabited by Pamiris, Uyghurs, Kashmiris and Purik Tibetan Line of Actual Control
List of territorial disputes
Origins of the Sino-Indian border dispute
Tawang District - One of the disputed areas between India and China China and India: Geographical Overview
China and India are neighbors and are separated by the formidable geographical obstacles of the Himalayan mountain chain. China and India today share a border along the Himalayas and Nepal and Bhutan, two states lying along the Himalaya range, and acting as buffer states. In addition, the disputed Kashmir province of India (claimed by Pakistan) borders both the PRC and India. As Pakistan has tense relations with India, Kashmir's state of unrest serves as a natural ally to the PRC. Two territories are currently disputed between the People's Republic of China and India: Aksai China and Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh is located near the far east of India, while Aksai Chin is located near the northwest corner of India, at the junction of India, Pakistan, and the PRC. However, all sides in the dispute have agreed to respect the Line of Actual Control and this...
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