Individual Privacy Versus National Security

Topics: Privacy, Privacy law, National security Pages: 5 (2118 words) Published: February 10, 2013
In this document you will read about why it was necessary to have individual privacy as well as national security. Also, the difference between the two and how both can violate each other if not handled correctly.|

Over the years national security has come to be more vital than the privacy of individuals but too much of both can prove to be problematic. Based off of my research done, I will be stating the true definition of national security and individual privacy. Also I will be stating few tragic events from our nation’s past, the United States of America that explains why imposing on an individual’s privacy may be helpful to avoid a disasters from happening in the future. An example from a few articles of incidents where the airline’s full random searches have made people feel there individual privacy was violated. The most controversial questions regarding this topic are what are the limits to an individual’s privacy also how far the government should be allowed to go when it comes to violating an individual’s privacy. There are a few different types of privacy, individual privacy, informational, organizational, spiritual and intellectual. Personal privacy consists of the right to not be exposed to illegal invasion of privacy whether it’s the government, corporations or an individual depending on where you come from. Privacy laws are in almost all countries but just about all countries have some sort of limit to privacy. National Security is the necessity to preserve the existence of the state through the use of economic, diplomacy, power projection and political power. When defining individual privacy and national security you have to look at the basic nature of both. While researching the controversial topic one can come to the conclusion that a balance is needed. Too much individual privacy can be harmful to the national security of the public just as too much national security can be harmful to an individual’s privacy or basic rights. There are a number of tragic terrorist attacks that have proven the need for national security. While at the same time there are reasons why it is necessary to protect our basic rights as human beings, the right to our intimate and personal lives. It is said that too much of one hurts the other and vice versa, a balance is needed for both to exist. The patriot act allows federal law enforcement agencies to collect private information on citizens for the purpose of national security. The Privacy act states that each agency that has a system of records must be able to produce all for review or give a copy to any individual at their request, as long as it pertains to that individual. But this does not apply to the records of every individual only those records held by an agency. Meaning the records held by non-agency government entities like courts and executive components are not subject to the provision in the Privacy Act so there is no right to these records. Terrorist attacks on U.S. soil have been reoccurring over the years, which have resulted in the tragic loss of thousands of innocent human lives. In response, law enforcement agencies are requesting extensive and more inescapable laws to counter this security challenge. Throughout history, whenever there have been national emergencies, the rights and civil liberties of the public have been reduced, and in many instances revoked completely. For example, approximately 120,000 Japanese Americans were forcibly evacuated and interned in camps during World War. Terrorist attacks in the past have made the need for national security necessary to ease the public’s minds. In April of 1985, terrorists Terry Nichols and Timothy McVeigh parked a truck full of explosives in front of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.   That bomb killed 168 people including 19 children six and under, as well as injuring 680 others. While researching I realized this was the cruelest act of terrorism known until...
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