Indira Gandhi

Topics: Indian National Congress, Indira Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru Pages: 2 (665 words) Published: February 7, 2012
Indira Gandhi the 1st female prime minister of India was born on 19th November, 1917 into the politically influential Nehru family. Her father was Jawaharlal Nehru and her mother was Kamala Nehru. Her grandfather, Motilal Nehru, was a prominent Indian nationalist leader. Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, was a pivotal figure in the Indian independence mover of Independent India. After finishing schooling Indira Gandhi went to Shantiniketan, a school set up by Rabindranath Tagore, and Huzurpaga, Pune which is the oldest girl’s school in India. She completed her higher studies from Somerville College, Oxford. When Indira was in England she fell in love with Feroze Gandhi. She married him in 1942. Indira Gandhi started her political career in 1950’s. She served her father unofficially as a personal assistant during his tenure as the Prime Minister of India. After her father’s death in 1964, she became a member of Lal Bahadur Shastri’s cabinet as Minister of Information and Broadcasting. Indira Gandhi became Prime Minister in 1966 after the sudden demise of Shastri. She was the third Prime Minister of the Republic of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in 1984, a total of fifteen years. Indira Gandhi motivated special agricultural innovation programs. Extra government support launched in the 1960s finally transformed India's chronic food shortages into surplus production of wheat, rice, cotton and milk. The country became a food exporter. This achievement is known as the "Green Revolution". At the same time, the White Revolution was an expansion in milk production which helped to combat malnutrition, especially amidst young children. The Pakistan army conducted widespread atrocities against the civilian populations of East Pakistan. An estimated 10 million refugees fled to India, causing financial hardship and instability in the country. Indira Gandhi supported East Pakistan against Pakistan and...
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