Indigenous Education in the Philippines

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Philippine Normal University
College of Education
Department of Professional Education
Taft Ave., Manila

INDIGENOUS EDUCATION
A TERM PAPER IN PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION 13

Submitted to
Dr. Camila Gonzales
(Professor)

In Partial Fulfillment of the Course Requirements in Prof. Ed. 13 (Developments in Education)

Submitted By
Inguito, Rose Ann Palencia
IV- 20 BSE Social Science

November 20, 2012
Semester II, 2012- 2013
INDIGENOUS EDUCATION
(A Development in Education)

I. INTRODUCTION

“Well, I think indigenous peoples have ways of living on the Earth that they've had forever. And they've been overrun by organized religion, which has had a lot of money and power.” - Alice Walker

As a child I always believed that people in Earth are all with fair- complexion. Part of the reason why I thought that way is because I came from a family who are blessed with fair complexion, but another reason is that, I seldom saw people who are like the Aeta. I can still remember the fascination I experienced for the first time I saw someone who looked entirely different from those people whom I used to see. Now that I already reached this age, I want to scold the ‘little- me’ years ago for acting odd that moment. Unconsciously, I was guilty of the discriminating behavior of the public towards our indigenous people.

This paper you are about to read tackles one of the many issues that people like the Aeta or other IPs of the nation fights for. This paper will try to impart some of the readings and studies on the situation of the indigenous sector in their education. Of how the government, specially, the Department of Education, make a move to address the needs of our fellow people.

Open your minds as you continue reading this paper, and after reading it, try to discern what other concerns must be considered in order to achieved highest completion of the programs of different sector in addressing the needs of the IPs.

II. DEFINITIONS OF KEY TERMS
Indigenous. An adjective referring to originating in and characteristic of a particular region or country; native. Indigenous Education. Specifically focuses on teaching indigenous knowledge, models, methods, and content within formal or non-formal educational systems. The growing recognition and use of indigenous education methods can be a response to the erosion and loss of indigenous knowledge through the processes of colonialism, globalization, and modernity.  Indigenous communities are able to “reclaim and revalue their languages and [traditions], and in so doing, improve the educational success of indigenous students,” thus ensuring their survival as a culture. Indigenous Knowledge. The local knowledge – knowledge that is unique to a given culture or society. IK contrasts with the international knowledge system generated by universities, research institutions and private firms. It is the basis for local-level decision making in agriculture, health care, food preparation, education, natural-resource management, and a host of other activities in rural communities. (Warren 1991) Indigenous People. Are those which, having a historical continuity with pre-invasion and pre-colonial societies that developed on their territories, consider themselves distinct from other sectors of the societies now prevailing on those territories, or parts of them. They form at present non-dominant sectors of society and are determined to preserve, develop and transmit to future generations their ancestral territories, and their ethnic identity, as the basis of their continued existence as peoples, in accordance with their own cultural patterns, social institutions and legal system. Indigenous Peoples Rights Act of 1997. This legislation lays down the legal framework for addressing indigenous peoples’ poverty. It seeks to alleviate the plight of the country’s “poorest of the poor” by correcting, through legislation, the historical errors that led to the systematic dispossession of...
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