India got its independence from Britishers in 1947 who ruled India for over 190 years. First through East India Company, and then British Raj was esstablished. What led British to take over India? India was a country of diversities viz-a- viz: Poverty, richnes, religions, races, languages and dilects. India was a huge country which had Bangladesh and Pakistan part of it before 1947. Before Britishers India was ruled by Mughals untill 1200AD and then Emperical powers like Dutches, French and Portgese started winning territories from Mughls in separate sections of India. The Indian population was huge; they demanded independence and started movements while only a few Brits were ruling the masses. The movement consisted of various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts. It happened in all areas through political organizations, philosophies and movements which had the common aim to ending the company rule, and British raj.
The Rebellion of 1857 was a large scale rebellion in northern and central India against the British East India Company's rule. It was suppressed and the British government took control of the company. The first organized militant movements were in West Bengal, but they later took to the political stage in the form of a mainstream movement in the newly formed Indian National Congress (that party is ruling India now) with prominent leaders seeking only their basic rights to appear for Indian Civil Services Exams, more rights, some economic in nature, for the people of the soil. Many of the country's political leaders of the 20th century, including Mahatma Gandhi, Netaji Subhash Chander Bose and Bhagat Singh led the country. The early part of the 20th century saw a more radical approach towards political independence proposed by other national leaders.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi had been a prominent leader of the Indian nationalist movement in South Africa and had been...