Indian Telecom Sector

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Telecom Regulatory Authority of India

Telecom Sector in India: A Decadal Profile

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Mahanagar Doorsanchar Bhawan, Jawaharlal Nehru Marg, (Old Minto Road), New Delhi - 110 002

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India

Telecom Sector in India: A Decadal Profile

Mahanagar Doorsanchar Bhawan, Jawaharlal Nehru Marg, (Old Minto Road), New Delhi - 110 002

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India

© Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, 2012 All rights reserved, no part of this publication may be in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, prior written permission of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, New Delhi. Prepared at the behest of by

reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, photocopying, recording and/or otherwise, without the

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India National Council of Applied Economic Research, Parisila Bhawan, 11, Indraprastha Estate, New Delhi–110 002

ii | Telecom Sector in India: A Decadal Profile

Telecom Sector in India: A Decadal Profile | iii

iv | Telecom Sector in India: A Decadal Profile

CONTeNTS

List of Tables List of Boxes

Foreword

List of Figures Executive Summary

vii

iii ix xi 1 x

3.5 Spectrum Management 3.7 Regulatory Timeline

3.6 Recommendations made by TRAI

53 55 55 59

4 Investment
4.2 Total Investment 4.4 Conclusion 4.1 Introduction

1

Introduction

59 59 62 69

1.2 Brief Overview of the Telecommunications Sector 1 1.3 Importance of the Telecommunications Sector 3

1.1 Backdrop

1

4.3 Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

5 Socioeconomic Impact
5.1 Introduction 5.2 Macro Impact

2 Trends in the Telecommunications Sector
2.1 Introduction 2.2 International Comparisons 2.4 Regional Variations 2.6 Conclusion

71 71 71 74 75 80 86 96 97

5 5 5

5.3 ICT and Economic Development 5.5 Individual Sections of Society 5.6 Applications of Technology 5.7 Conclusion

2.3 Growth of Telecommunication Services in India 9 2.5 Trends in Telecommunication Manufacturing 39 46 48 49

5.4. Micro Studies on the Impact of ICT

6 Conclusions
6.2 Challenges and Suggested Policies 6.3 Other Challenges Appendix 6.1 Introduction

3 evolution of Telecom Regulation
3.2 New Telecom Policy (NTP), 1999 3.3 Institutional Framework for Telecom Policy 3.4 Licensing Framework Regulation in India 3.1 National Telecom Policy (NTP), 1994

49 50 50 52

97 97 99 101 105

Abbreviations

vi | Telecom Sector in India: A Decadal Profile

LIST Of TABLeS

1.1 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12

Snapshot of the Telecommunications Sector Estimates of Share of Expenditure on Mobile Phones PCO and VPT, March 2000–December 2011 (million) Number of Subscribers for Other Value Added Services, March 2000– December 2011 (million) Market Share of Leading ISPs in Terms of Subscribers, December 2011 Sector-wise EBITDA, PBIT, PBT (Rs crore) Sector-wise Profitability Ratios (%) Quality of Service Performance of Wireless Service Providers, December 2011 Quality of Service Performance of Wireline Service Providers, December 2011 Parameter-wise Status of QoS Benchmarks for Broadband Service, December 2011 Service Area-wise Teledensity, December 2011 Mobile Ownership by Households

1 14 21 21 24 29 29

2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 3.1 4.1 4.2 4.3 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7

State-wise Broadband Subscribers as on March 31, 2011 e-Readiness Index Universal Service Obligation Fund Position (Rs crore) Telecom Equipment Manufacturing in India (Rs crore) Revenue of Top 10 Telecom Equipment Players (Rs crore) Regulatory Reforms

43 43 46 47 48 56

Total Plan Outlay and Outlay for Communications in Five Year Plans (Rs crore) 59 Foreign Direct Investment Policy FDI in Telecommunications Sector: April 2000–August 2010 Summary of ICT4D Phases Mobile Information Services for Farmers Status of Women Increased Use of Mobile Devices (%) Bandwidth Required for Various...
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