Indian Space Mission

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Name| :|
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Course code and name| :|
Department | :|
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This is to certify that the record work done by __________________________ in the ___________________________________________ laboratory during the period __________ 20 -20 . Specialization topic :

SIGNATURE OF FACULTY INCHARGE SIGNATURE OF HOD

Submitted for the practical exam held on ___________________

SIGNATURE OF THE EXAMINER WITH DATE:
INDEX
S.NO| DATE| TITLE| REMARKS| SIGNATURE|
1| | Phonemes & Words| | |
2| | Syllable Stress| | |
3| | ‘-ed’ pronunciations| | |
4| | Silent Letters| | |
5| | Using the III conditional| | |
6| | Expressing Agreement &Disagreement| | |
7| | Describing Manner &Frequency| | |
8| | Vocabulary lists| | |
9| | Observation on Presentation| | |
10| | Technical Presentation| | |
EX.NO:1DATE :| PHONEMS AND WORDS|

Phonology is the study of the sound system (phonology) of the language. Like many languages, English has wide variation in pronunciation, both historically and from dialect to dialect. Phonetics will help us, how to pronounce a particular word correctly. It gives the correct pronunciation of a word both in British and American English. Phonetics is based on sound.

Phonemes can be thought of as instructions for articulating speech-sounds, and so a phoneme can be described in terms of the behavior of the vocal apparatus that occurs when a physiologically normal speaker articulates his or her particular representation of the phoneme. Thus phonemes are the phonetic alphabet of the mind. That is, phonemes are how we mentally represent speech; how we store the sounds of words in our memory.

SOUND| EXAMPLES|
/œ/| Pathway, absent, black, mango, action, arrow, stand, capital, maximum, minimum, hammer, bank, panther, matter, gather, absence, happy, damage, tragedy, tangent, active, aspiration, atom, album, factual, ambulance, affection, apple| /ei/| Same, stay, fail, day, gate, trail, case, display, nature, wait, calm, chain, plane, again, engage, aim, training, statement, rotation, playful, aid, saint, hays, delegate, taste, playground, lame, compensate, Baby, claim, lateral, basic.| /e/| Segment, enemy, entrance, shelter, selfish, helmet, September, escort, energy, cherry, attempt, record, twenty, exercise, telecast, very, head, chemical, genetic, education, elder, elephant, episode, Enfield, jealous, entry, final, eleven, message, delicate, defense, discovery, intelligent, feather.| /i/| Pretty, opportunity, lift, addition, think, inter, little, addiction, single, daily, pink, meditation, invitation, injection, inspection, mixture, liquid, figure, inside, information, guilty impact, ill-treat, marriage, excel, exceed, environment, engraft, wanted.|

EX.NO:2DATE:| WORD STRESS|

All the syllables in a polysyllable word in English are not articulated with the same force. Some are uttered with greater force than the others. Stress may be described on the degree of force with which a sound or syllable is produced. Each syllable is uttered with a certain degree of force and the one uttered with the greatest degree of force is called the stressed or accented syllable.

Here we discuss about one syllabic word and two syllabic words. The following pages have the examples of them.

FIRST SYLLBLE STRESS|
1| ‘Politics| 26| ‘Letter|
2| ‘Patriot| 27| ‘Upward|
3| ‘Insult| 28| ‘Yellow|
4| ‘Absent| 29| ‘Treasure|
5| ‘Conduct| 30| ‘Theatre|
6| ‘Present| 31| ‘Something|
7| ‘Profit| 32| ‘Public|
8| ‘Desert| 33| ‘Moment|
9| ‘Photograph| 34| ‘Measure|
10| ‘After grow| 35| ‘Journey|
11| ‘After math| 36| ‘Frequent|
12| ‘Limit| 37| ‘Captain|
13| ‘Visit| 38| ‘Business|
14|...
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