Indian River and Its Tributeries

Topics: Ganges, India, Kaveri River Pages: 7 (2600 words) Published: December 12, 2011
Sindhu River
Originating from Kailash mountain, it covers 550 kms in Jammu and Kashmir. From there it enters Leh, and gets mingled with Zanzkar river. In Punjab it is met with five major rivers of Punjab – Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Satluj. The word Sindhu originates from the word sidh meaning to keep off . The river Sindhu has been mentioned 176 times in Rigveda, 95 times in plural, used in the generic meaning. In Rigveda – the Ancient Indian Scripture( 1500 B.C.), is the earliest chronicle of Aryans. Aryans were the people from whom the name of the country evolved and came to be known as Hindustan to the entire world. There is a lot of political significance to the River Sindhu due to its geographical location. It runs along the Indo – China Border. Entering India from the south eastern Ladakh near the river Gutang at an altitude of 4,200 ft from sea; it follows the northwest course in the Ladakh Range and Zanzkar Range in the South. The main tributeries of the Sindhu River in the Ladakh Region of Jammu and Kashmir are Hanle River, Gurtang River, Shigar River, Shigar (South) River, Shyok River, Gilgit River, And Astor. In India it mingles with Ganges in the end. Nubra and Drass Rivers too act as tributaries to Sindhu River. Sabarmati River

The main tributaries of the Sabarmati river are Wakal river and the Sei Nadi, which also rise in the Aravalli hill range west of Udaipur city and flow south-westwards in courses generally parallel to the Sabarmati river. Wakal River, the main tributary of Sabarmati River begins its journey form the hill near Ghora village in Gogunda tehsil of Udaipur District. The Wakal River Flows about 112 km across the state of Rajasthan and crosses the boundary near the village of Gau Pipli and enters Gujarat. The Manas River is the main tributary of the WAkal River. The Sei River is the tributary of Sabarmati River and flows in the state of Gujarat. Cauvery riveris a sacred river of southern India, rising on Brahmagiri Hill in the Western Ghats in Coorg district of Karnataka state, flowing in a south-easterly direction for 475 mi (765 km) through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu states, and descending the Eastern Ghats in a series of great falls. Before emptying into the Bay of Bengal south of Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu, it breaks into a large number of distributaries describing a wide delta called the "garden of southern India." Known to devout Hindus as Daksina Ganga (Ganges of the South), it is celebrated for its scenery and sanctity in Tamil literature, and its entire course is considered holy ground. The river is also important for its irrigation-canal projects.

Kaveri is called Cauvery!!!
The Kaveri (Kannada: ಕಾವೇರಿ ನದಿ, Tamil: காவிரி), also spelled Cauvery in English, is a largeIndian river. Cauvery river in Karnataka

Its uppermost course is tortuous with a rocky bed and high banks under luxuriant vegetation. After passing through a narrow gorge and tumbling 60-80 ft (18-24 m) in the rapids of Chunchankatte, the river widens to 900-1,200 ft across the Karnataka plateau. There, its flow is interrupted by a number of anicuts or weirs. At the Krishnaraja Sagara, the Cauvery is joined by two tributaries, the Hemavati and Lakshmantirtha, and dammed for irrigation, forming a 12-sq-mi (31-sq-km) reservoir. In Karnataka, the river bifurcates twice, forming the sacred islands of Srirangapatnam and Sivasamudram, 50 mi apart. Around Sivasamudram are the scenic Sivasamudram Falls, comprising two series of rapids, Bhar Chukki and Gagana Chukki, plunging 320 ft and reaching a width of 1,000 ft in the rainy season. The falls supply hydroelectric power to Mysore, Bangalore, and the Kolar Gold Fields, more than 100 mi away. Cauvery river in Tamil Nadu

Upon entering Tamil Nadu, the Cauvery continues through a series of twisted wild gorges until it reaches Hogenakal Falls and flows through a straight, narrow gorge near Salem. There, the Mettur Dam, 5,300 ft long and 176 ft high, impounds a lake (Stanley...
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