Indian Penal Code (Ipc)

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THE INDIAN PENAL CODE, 1860
ACT NO. 45 OF 1860 1* [6th October, 1860.]

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Preamble.-WHEREAS it is expedient to provide a general Penal Code for 2*[India]; It is enacted as follows:-1. Title and extent of operation of the Code. 1. Title and extent of operation of the Code.--This Act shall be called the Indian Penal Code, and shall 3*[extend to the whole of India 4*[except the State of Jammu and Kashmir]]. 2. Punishment of offences committed within India. 2. Punishment of offences committed within India.--Every person shall be liable to punishment under this Code and not otherwise for every act or omission contrary to the provisions thereof, of which he shall be guilty within 5*[India] 6****. 3. Punishment of offences committed beyond, but which by law may be tried within, India. 3. Punishment of offences committed beyond, but which by law may be tried within, India.--Any person liable, by any 7*[Indian law], to be tried for an offence committed beyond 5*[India] shall be dealt with according to the provisions of this Code for any act committed beyond 5*[India] in the same manner as if such act had been committed within 5*[India]. 4. Extension of Code to extra-territorial offences. 8* [4. Extension of Code to extra-territorial offences.--The provisions of this Code apply also to any offence committed by-9*

[(1) any citizen of India in any place without and beyond India;

(2) any person on any ship or aircraft registered in India wherever it may be.] ---------------------------------------------------------------------1. The Act has been amended in its application to Madras by Madras Act 25 of 1960, U. P. by U. P. Acts 31 of 1961, 29 of 1970 and 47 of 1975, Andhra Pradesh by Andhra Pradesh Act 16 of 1968, Maharashtra by Maharashtra Act 19 of 1971, Mysore by Mysore Act 8 of 1972, West Bengal by West Bengal Act 42 of 1973. The Act has been extended to Goa, Daman and Diu with modifications by Reg. 12 of 1962, s. 3 and Sch., extended to and brought into force in Dadra and Nagar Haveli by Reg. 6 of 1963, s. 2 and Sch. I (w.e.f. 1-7-1965) and to Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands by Reg. 8 of 1965, s. 3 and Sch. (w.e.f. 1-10-

Collected by the All India Christian Council, www.christiancouncil.in

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1967). The Act comes into force in Pondicherry vide Reg. 7 of 1963, s. 3 and Sch. I (w.e.f. 1-10-1963). 2. Subs. by Act 3 of 1951, s. 3 and Sch., for "the whole of India except Part B States". 3. Subs. by the A. O. 1948, for "take effect * * * throughout British India". The words and figures "on and from the first day of May, 1861" occurring between the words "effect" and "throughout" were rep. by Act 12 of 1891. 4. Subs. by Act 3 of 1951, s. 3 and Sch., for "except Part B States". 5. Subs. by s. 3 and Sch., ibid., for "the States". 6. The words and figures "on or after the said first day of May, 1861" omitted by Act 12 of 1891. 7. Subs. by the A. O. 1937, for "law passed by the Governor-General of India in Council". 8. Subs. by Act 4 of 1898, s. 2, for the original s. 4. 9. Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for the original cls. (1) to (4). ---------------------------------------------------------------------Explanation. Explanation.--In this section the word "offence" includes every act committed outside 1*[India] which, if committed in 1*[India] would be punishable under this Code. 2*

[Illustration]

[who is 5*[a citizen of India]], commits a murder in Uganda. He can be tried and convicted of murder in any place in 1* [India] in which he may be found. 6* * * * *

3***A, 4*

5. Certain laws not to be affected by this Act. 7* [5. Certain laws not to be affected by this Act.--Nothing in this Act shall affect the provisions of any Act for punishing mutiny and desertion of officers, soldiers, sailors or airmen in the service of the Government of India or the provision of any special or local law.]

Selected sections: (Note: The IPC punishes acts of violence or discrimination based on...
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