The Indian Ocean region trade had many changes and continuities between 650 and 1750 CE. Economically, Indian Ocean trade stayed the same with its spread of goods from region to region, but changed because of the ways goods were traded along this trade route. Culturally, the Indian Ocean trade stayed the same because of that same continuous spread of ideas and religion, and changed because of the diffusion of the religions already dominant in regions. Politically, the Indian Ocean trade stayed the same in the sense that it flourished while under the control of strong empires, and changed because of the variation of empires that controlled the region throughout this time period.
Economically, the Indian Ocean trade stayed the same with the spread of goods, but changed because of the ways they were traded along the road. An example of this continuity would be the trade of exotic animals, wood and ivory from Africa in the early times of the Indian Ocean trade. Then, during the 15th and 16th centuries, at the center of Indian Ocean trade, a merchant in India received goods from the East and West, sold them locally, and added Indian goods to the trade. Last, during the 17th and 18th centuries, luxury goods flowed into the Ottoman Empire from Indian Ocean trade. Although the trade of the goods never ended, the ways in which they were traded changed dramatically. For example, during earlier times of the Indian Ocean trade up until the 13th century, ships were powered by monsoons. Later on they relied on lateen sails, and the planks that were tied together with palm fiber and sealed with bitumen. Later on after the 13th century, ships got bigger and bigger in order to be able to hold the enormous amounts of goods that were being shipped. Massive ships were developed that could carry over 1,000 tons. These ships changed the way trade would be done forever. The continuity of trade the ships brought was the continued trade of goods across the Indian Ocean; the change...
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