Indian National Army and Its Role in Independence Struggle

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Indian National Army And Its Role in Independence struggle

Yogesh Dilhor
ID NO. 1947 IIND YEAR, B.A., LL.B. (HONS.) DATE OF SUBMISSION: 25TH SEPTEMBER, 2012

NATIONAL LAW SCHOOL OF INDIA UNIVERSITY
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Contents

Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 3 Research Methodology .............................................................................................................. 4 Aim ........................................................................................................................................ 4 Objective ................................................................................................................................ 4 Scopes and Limitations .......................................................................................................... 4 Mode of Citation .................................................................................................................... 4 Sources ................................................................................................................................... 4 Research Questions ................................................................................................................ 5 The Ideological Origins ............................................................................................................. 6 The First Indian National Army................................................................................................. 8 Subhash Chandra Bose and the Second Front ......................................................................... 11 The Second Indian National Army .......................................................................................... 13 INA in Action .......................................................................................................................... 14 Motivations to Join .................................................................................................................. 17 INA Trials ................................................................................................................................ 19 Conclusion ............................................................................................................................... 21 Bibliography ............................................................................................................................ 22 Books ................................................................................................................................... 22 Articles ................................................................................................................................. 22

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Introduction
The much praised twelve volumes of the history of terminal years of British India edited by Nicholas Mansergh are titled The Transfer of Power, 1942-1947. Hugh Tinker while editing a parallel work on the same time period in Burmese history named it Burma: The struggle for Independence. Tinker does not see Burma obtaining its freedom through management from above. According to him, the British surrendered to the pressure from below.1 While in case of India, what these twelve volumes assure us is that there was no such surrender of power in India, but her conveyance, a planned and calculated conveyance, with all that this implies in prior purpose, studied, management and mutual consent.2 These volumes announce that an armed struggle was quite unnecessary, and even if it was attempted, when England was fighting darkness everywhere in the world, it was unconscionable, it was almost a criminal act. What this implies is complete ignorance of a very prominent part of the Indian Freedom struggle which was fought not by the Gandhian peaceful and deliberative means, but by taking up arms against the British. What they completely overlook...
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