Indian Givers

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Forty Acres
Cesar Chavez and the Farm Workers

Mark Day
INTRODUCTION BY

CESAR CHAVEZ

PRAEGER PUBLISHERS
NEW YORK –
WASHINGTON –
LONDON

Acknowledgements: I am grateful to the staff and parishioners of Our Lady of Guadalupe Church, Delano, to Fathers Al Peck, Ed Fronake, Ignatius DeGroot, Dave Duran, and Tom Messner, and to Ray Reyes and Lala Granillo for their many kindnesses. I am also indebted to the staff of El Maleriado—Doug Adair, Marcia Sanchez, Ben Madocks, and Richard Ibarra. My special thanks to Andy Zermeno, a sensitive man and a talented artist. I also owe thanks to: Dorothy Day and the Catholic Worker for permission to adapt for us in ts ok y itrc ,AS a Dne o a le f en?; o H y ei r f he

h bo m fsa ie“ t k i r r P to B as B b ot do o T
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National Catholic Reporter, frpr ii t uem t i f m m a ie“ h G ae o e so o s a rl r
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B yo : hr IIN w ”( prh A r 2,90The National Catholic Reporter); Clay oct W e st o ? c ygt pi 427,
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Barbeau, editor of Way Magazine, frpr ii t aat” h BakE g ad the o e so o dp : e l
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G ae o t D s t te e n Hs raSc t K nBu ; re J qe Lv;i
r s fh e r ;h D l o ioi loiy e l wira us eyfe
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diligent journalists: Ron Taylor, of the Fresno Bee, Bill Acres, formerly of the Delano Record, Helen Manning and Eric Brazil of the Salinas Californian, and Sam Kushner, of the Poe el
p’
s
World; Bob Thurber, Gene Daniels, Stanley Randal, George Ballis, Chris Sanchez, Bob Fitch, and Gerald Sherry, editor of the Central California Register, for their memorable photographs; the Fresno Bee; the Delano Record; and Juan A. Cuauhtemoc for his poem “ s Ee

C u Ju”rom Poesias de la Causa. Finally, my thanks to Mike Kratko, cowpuncher, farm hy es f
, s,
worker, and maintenance man of Forty Acres, who kept us all in stitches during those gloomier days! I am pleased to name all these people who helped my book. Some other nm s f ep w o pern h nr te ae en hne at at r d c t n

a e o pol h apaite a av hv be cagd th u o’ ir i .
e
ri
e h s s eo
Many thanks to Robert Montoya for the map and to Andy Zermeno for his drawings on pages 24 and 52.

PRAEGER PUBLISHERS
111 Fourth Avenue, New York, N..Y. 10003, U.S.A.
5, Cromwell Place, London S.W.7. England
Published in the United States of America in 1971
By Praeger Publishers, Inc.
© 1971 by Praeger Publishers, Inc.
All rights reserved
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 7—149964
Printed in the United States of America

TO
MY PARENTS,
TO ALAN MC COY AND MY OTHER FRANCISCAN CONFRERES
FOR STANGING BY ME THROUGH DIFFICULT TIMES,
AND TO MY BROTHRES AND SISTERS, THE FARM WORKERS,
THAT THEY MAY CONTINUE TO GAIN
A MORE ABUNDANT SHARE
IN THE HARVEST
OF THEIR ENDLESS
TOIL

Contents

Introduction, by CESAR CHAVEZ

9

Joining the Struggle: A Personal Prologue

19

1 Delano: From Garces to Forty Acres

25

2 A r u ueC lon ’Mot il eo t n
gi l r afri s sVt R vl i
ct : i a
a
uo

33

3 Viva la Huelga!

39

4 The Churches and the Struggle

53

5 Delano: A Steak Dinner or a Plate of Beans?

61

6 Farm Workers: Their Long Road to Victory

79

7 The Black Eagle and the Grapes of the Desert

78

8 The Grape Coycott: A Success Story

88

9 Jm s aw l AH r fr afri s uaP o
a e C s e: e o C lon ’R r or
l
o
ia
l

98

10 Cesar Chavez on Nonviolence

111

11 A Farm Worker Becomes Bishop

119

12 Delano: A View from the West Side

125

13 At Last, the Bargaining Table

140

14 Fillmore: A Strike Is Revived

152

15 Victoria en Delano!

161

16 Salinas: Reds, Lettuce Alone!

169

17 Agbayani: A Village with a Future

177

18 The Aftermath

182

Epilogue: At the Salinas Jail

191

Appendix

205

Suggested Readings

221

A SECTION OF ILLUSTRATIONS FOLLOWS PAGE 128.

Introduction

BY CESAR CHAVEZ

A great deal of change has taken place among...
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