Cesar Chavez and the Farm Workers
NEW YORK –
Acknowledgements: I am grateful to the staff and parishioners of Our Lady of Guadalupe Church, Delano, to Fathers Al Peck, Ed Fronake, Ignatius DeGroot, Dave Duran, and Tom Messner, and to Ray Reyes and Lala Granillo for their many kindnesses. I am also indebted to the staff of El Maleriado—Doug Adair, Marcia Sanchez, Ben Madocks, and Richard Ibarra. My special thanks to Andy Zermeno, a sensitive man and a talented artist. I also owe thanks to: Dorothy Day and the Catholic Worker for permission to adapt for us in ts ok y itrc ,AS a Dne o a le f en?; o H y ei r f he
h bo m fsa ie“ t k i r r P to B as B b ot do o T
National Catholic Reporter, frpr ii t uem t i f m m a ie“ h G ae o e so o s a rl r
y rc T e r
B yo : hr IIN w ”( prh A r 2,90The National Catholic Reporter); Clay oct W e st o ? c ygt pi 427,
Barbeau, editor of Way Magazine, frpr ii t aat” h BakE g ad the o e so o dp : e l
c al n
G ae o t D s t te e n Hs raSc t K nBu ; re J qe Lv;i
r s fh e r ;h D l o ioi loiy e l wira us eyfe
diligent journalists: Ron Taylor, of the Fresno Bee, Bill Acres, formerly of the Delano Record, Helen Manning and Eric Brazil of the Salinas Californian, and Sam Kushner, of the Poe el
World; Bob Thurber, Gene Daniels, Stanley Randal, George Ballis, Chris Sanchez, Bob Fitch, and Gerald Sherry, editor of the Central California Register, for their memorable photographs; the Fresno Bee; the Delano Record; and Juan A. Cuauhtemoc for his poem “ s Ee
C u Ju”rom Poesias de la Causa. Finally, my thanks to Mike Kratko, cowpuncher, farm hy es f
worker, and maintenance man of Forty Acres, who kept us all in stitches during those gloomier days! I am pleased to name all these people who helped my book. Some other nm s f ep w o pern h nr te ae en hne at at r d c t n
a e o pol h apaite a av hv be cagd th u o’ ir i .
e h s s eo
Many thanks to Robert Montoya for the map and to Andy Zermeno for his drawings on pages 24 and 52.
111 Fourth Avenue, New York, N..Y. 10003, U.S.A.
5, Cromwell Place, London S.W.7. England
Published in the United States of America in 1971
By Praeger Publishers, Inc.
© 1971 by Praeger Publishers, Inc.
All rights reserved
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 7—149964
Printed in the United States of America
TO ALAN MC COY AND MY OTHER FRANCISCAN CONFRERES
FOR STANGING BY ME THROUGH DIFFICULT TIMES,
AND TO MY BROTHRES AND SISTERS, THE FARM WORKERS,
THAT THEY MAY CONTINUE TO GAIN
A MORE ABUNDANT SHARE
IN THE HARVEST
OF THEIR ENDLESS
Introduction, by CESAR CHAVEZ
Joining the Struggle: A Personal Prologue
1 Delano: From Garces to Forty Acres
2 A r u ueC lon ’Mot il eo t n
gi l r afri s sVt R vl i
ct : i a
3 Viva la Huelga!
4 The Churches and the Struggle
5 Delano: A Steak Dinner or a Plate of Beans?
6 Farm Workers: Their Long Road to Victory
7 The Black Eagle and the Grapes of the Desert
8 The Grape Coycott: A Success Story
9 Jm s aw l AH r fr afri s uaP o
a e C s e: e o C lon ’R r or
10 Cesar Chavez on Nonviolence
11 A Farm Worker Becomes Bishop
12 Delano: A View from the West Side
13 At Last, the Bargaining Table
14 Fillmore: A Strike Is Revived
15 Victoria en Delano!
16 Salinas: Reds, Lettuce Alone!
17 Agbayani: A Village with a Future
18 The Aftermath
Epilogue: At the Salinas Jail
A SECTION OF ILLUSTRATIONS FOLLOWS PAGE 128.
BY CESAR CHAVEZ
A great deal of change has taken place among...