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Indian Freedom Struggle

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Indian Freedom Struggle

Page 1 of 13
INDIAN FREEDOM STRUGGLE

Arrival of East India Co in India
Shift from traders to Lords
Revolt of 1857
Transfer of power from EIC to British Rule
Rise of Organized Movement
Rise of Indian Nationalism
Divide and Rule (Partition of Bengal)
Formation of Indian National Congress
Jallianwala Baug Massacre
Non Co-operation Movement
Simon Commission
Civil Disobedience Movement
Quit India Movement (Second World War and consequences)

The East India Company had the unusual distinction of ruling an entire country. Its origins were much humbler. On 31 December 1600, a group of merchants who had incorporated themselves into the East India Company were given monopoly privileges on all trade with the East Indies. The Company's ships first arrived in India, at the port of Surat, in 1608. Sir Thomas Roe reached the court of the Mughal Emperor, Jahangir, as the emissary of King James I in 1615, and gained for the British the right to establish a factory at Surat. Gradually the British eclipsed the Portuguese and over the years they saw a massive expansion of their trading operations in India. Numerous trading posts were established along the east and west coasts of India, and considerable English communities developed around the three presidency towns of Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras. In 1717, the Company achieved its hitherto most notable success when it received a firman or royal dictat from the Mughal Emperor exempting the Company from the payment of custom duties in Bengal.

BATTLE OF PLASSEY – 1757
BATTLE OF BUXAR –
REVOLT OF 1857
Causes
- Social and Religious
- Political
- Military
- Immediate cause

There is enough evidence to support the fact that the Uprising had been planned for months before the actual outbreak. What did the revolutionaries in, apart from the fact that they failed to spread the word beyond Central India and Delhi, was that the Uprising did not go according to plan. It broke out before the appointed date! If D-day had gone as...

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