Indian Fertilizer Industry

Topics: Fertilizer, Urea, Natural gas Pages: 145 (47279 words) Published: February 23, 2012






S.No. Subjects 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Introduction Organizational Set up and Functions Development & Growth of Fertilizer Industry Availability of Major Fertilizers during 2010-11 Plan Performance Measures of Support for Fertilizers Public Sector Undertakings and Cooperative Society Fertilizer Education Projects Information Technology (IT) Vigilance Activities Right to Information Act, 2005 Progressive Use of Official Language (Hindi) Welfare of SCs, STs, OBCs and Physically Handicapped Persons Women Empowerment Citizen Charter/Grievance Redress Mechanism Annexure I to XVI Page No. 5-11 12-13 14-21 22-23 24-25 26-41 42-71 72-73 74-76 77 78 79-80 81-82 83-84 85 86-108


Dr. Chandra Pal Singh, Vice-Chairman and Shri B.D. Sinha, Managing Director, KRIBHCO handing over the Dividend Cheque of Rs. 37.78 crore to Shri M.K. Alagiri, Hon’ble Union Minister for Chemicals & Fertilizers in the presence of Shri Srikant Jena, Hon’ble State Minister for Chemicals & Fertilizers, Shri S. Krishnan, Secretary (Fertilizers), Shri Deepak Singhal, Joint Secretary (F&P), Shri S.L. Goel, Joint Secretary (P&P), Shri Satish Chandra, Joint Secretary (A&M) along with Shri N. Sambasiva Rao, Marketing Director of KRIBHCO and other officers of Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers, GOI.


1.1 1.1.1 Introduction Agriculture which accounts for one fifth of GDP, provides sustenance to two-thirds of our population. Besides, it provides crucial backward and forward linkages to the rest of the economy. Successive five-year plan have laid stress on self-sufficiency and self-reliance in food grains production and concerted efforts in this direction have resulted in substantial increase in agriculture production and productivity. This is clear from the fact that from a very modest level of 52 million MT in 1951-52, food grain production rose to about 218.20 million MT in 2009-10. In India’s success in agriculture sector, not only in terms of meeting total requirement of food grains but also generating exportable surpluses the significant role played by chemical fertilizers is well recognized and established. Keeping in view the vital role played by chemical fertilizers in the success of India’s green revolution and consequent self-reliance in food-grain production, the Government of India has been consistently pursuing policies conducive to increased availability and consumption of fertilizers in the country. As a result, the annual consumption of fertilizers in nutrient terms (N, P & K), has increased from 0.7 lakh MT in 1951-52 to 264.86 lakh MT 2009-10, while per hectare consumption of fertilizers, which was less than 1 Kg in 1951-52 has risen to the level of 135.27 Kg (estimated) in 2009-10. As of now, the country has achieved near self-sufficiency in production capacity of urea with the result that India could substantially manage its requirement of nitrogenous fertilizers through the indigenous industry. Similarly, adequate indigenous capacity has been developed in respect of phosphatic fertilizers to meet domestic requirements. However the raw materials and intermediates for the same are largely imported. As for potash (K) since there are no viable sources/ reserves in the country, its entire requirement is met through imports. 1.2 1.2.1 Growth of Fertilizer Industry The industry made a very humble beginning in 1906, when the first manufacturing unit of Single Super Phosphate (SSP) was set up in Ranipet near Chennai with an annual capacity of 6000 MT. The Fertilizer & Chemicals Travancore of India Ltd. (FACT) at Cochin in Kerala and the Fertilizers Corporation of India (FCI) in Sindri in Bihar (now Jharkhand) were the first large sized fertilizer plants set up...
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