Project: Indian Dance styles
28 November 2012
India's languages, religions, dance, music, food, and customs differ from place to place within the country. In general, Indian dances have facial expression of emotions and seeks to communicate ideas. Under performing art in India there's classical dance forms and formal arts of dance. Thus, we were assigned to perform Kathak style which is a classical mythological dance style. As for the other style we selected a dance that have a strong free form as folksy dance tradition known as Bhangra. Kathak
Kathak is among the six major classical dances of India and one of the most dynamic theater arts in the world. Unlike other Indian classical dances, it attracts other cultures with its wide range of rhythmic patterns, hand gestures & emotions. Not only does it give us insight into Indian thought & idealism but also realizations within ourselves. Kathak derives its name from the word Katha, which means the art of story telling. The Kathak dancer was originally a storyteller, conveying the ancient stories and legends of Hindu mythology in the temples of the Braj region. With the coming of the Moghul emperors and the influence of Islamic culture, the content and presentation of Kathak dance changed and developed, being introduced as a form of entertainment in the courts and evolving into a pure dance form. Kathak is traditionally danced by both men & women, and is the only dance form in India that has a mixture of Hindu & Muslim cultures. Its preformed either a female solo and sometimes a man will be an instrument in the background or danced as couples a man and a women. Female costume: Traditional (and perhaps more specifically Hindu) costume sometimes consists of a sari, whether worn in everyday style, or tied up to allow greater freedom of movement during dance. Male costume: The traditional costume for men is to be bare-chested. Below the waist is the dhoti, usually tied in the Bengal style.
Kathak is characterized by its fast spins, finely detailed movements, and by intricate footwork, which is enhanced by the sound of more than 100 ankle bells. Wondering why Kathak focuses so much on footwork? In Kathak the dancers were asked to perform holding glasses of wine. To maintain their balance, the dancers had to rely extensively on their footwork. If they spilt the wine, they would be whipped. If they maintained their balance through the performance, they would each be gifted a necklace of pearls. Therefore, the dancers would concentrate all their energies on their foot movements. After that Kathak dance required the use of the entire body. The main Instruments used with Kathak Dance are the Tabla, Harmonium, Sarangi (a stringed instrument played with a bow), and Flute, and sometimes the Violin & Sitar are used. To conclude today Kathak has evolved into a concert hall art form absorbing both Hindu and the Muslim influences from its history. Fascinating rhythms, dramatic moves, spectacular turns and subtle expressions mark this ancient and yet ever evolving dance form that embodies beauty and soul. It is one of the classical Indian Dance forms destined to live forever.
Bhangra is a high energy dance style, that is extended from Northern India under Punjabi culture. , the name "Punjab" means the "Land of Five Rivers." The people of the Punjab are called Punjabis and they speak a language called Punjabi. The region has been invaded in 1947 by the British in which it led to the split of Punjab between Pakistan and India. In addition to the immigration of large number of Punjabis to United Kingdom which eventually led to the emergence of Bhangra in Western clubs and dancehalls. So how it started? Punjabi wheat farmers danced and sang songs about village life to help pass the time while working in the fields. With time, these became part of harvest celebrations at festivals, as the sight of their crops growing energized...