India's urban civilization is traceable to Mohenjodaro and Harappa, now in Pakistan. From then on, Indian architecture and civil engineering continued to develop, and was manifestated temples, palaces and forts across the Indian subcontinent and neighbouring regions. Architecture and civil engineering was known as sthapatya-kala, literally "the art of constructing".
The Hall of Private Audience at Fatehpur Sikri in Uttar Pradesh, India, an early example of the architecture of the Mughal Empire.
The temples of Aihole and Pattadakal are the earliest known examples of Hindu temples. There are numerous Hindu as well as Buddhist temples that are known as excellent examples of Indian rock-cut architecture. According to J.J. O'Connor and E. F. Robertson, the Sulbasutras were appendices to the Vedas giving rules for constructing altars. "They contained quite an amount of geometrical knowledge, but the mathematics was being developed, not for its own sake, but purely for practical religious purposes."
During the Kushan Empire and Mauryan Empire, Indian architecture and civil engineering reached regions like Baluchistan and Afghanistan. Statues of Buddha were cut out, covering entire mountain cliffs, like in Buddhas of Bamyan, Afghanistan.... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2011, 09). Indian Architecture. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 09, 2011, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Indian-Architecture-771029.html
"Indian Architecture" StudyMode.com. 09 2011. 2011. 09 2011 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Indian-Architecture-771029.html>.
- MLA 7
"Indian Architecture." StudyMode.com. StudyMode.com, 09 2011. Web. 09 2011. <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Indian-Architecture-771029.html>.
"Indian Architecture." StudyMode.com. 09, 2011. Accessed 09, 2011. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Indian-Architecture-771029.html.