India Under British Colonialism

Topics: Indian independence movement, India, British Raj Pages: 16 (5812 words) Published: April 26, 2011
The British colonialism in India

About India

Vasco da Gama, the Portuguese explorer, landed in India in 1498, and for the next 100 years the Portuguese had a virtual monopoly on trade with the subcontinent. The ancient diamond-shaped country of India is the largest part of the Indian Subcontinent, extends from the Himalayan Mountains in the north, south into the tropical reaches of the Indian Ocean. It's the second most populous country on the planet, and certainly one of the most intriguing.

It was subsequently colonized and controlled by Britain during much of the 19th and 20th centuries. Then, in 1947, India declared independence and formed its own country.

It's home to some of the most significant natural and man-made wonders on the planet, and thus, a powerful exotic tourism magnet. The modern open-door policies of India have put the tourist industry here on the fast-track, as luxury hotels and beach resorts are constantly under construction.

With 17 major languages and 844 dialects, dozens and dozens of large cities and over 700,000 villages - somehow India works, both in the classic, traditional methods of its many cultures, and in the fast-moving world of the 21st century. The capital of India is New Delhi, and the country’s largest cities are Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata.India is the seventh largest country in the world. India's population is one billion making it the second most populous country after China. India is the largest democracy in the world. India is mainly an agricultural country, though it also has a large iron and steel industry and produces every type of manufactured goods. India's population is one billion (one thousand million), making it the second most populous country after China. It is more than three times the population of the United States though its area is only about one-third. The two main religions in India are Hinduism (80%) and the Muslim religion (10%) but there are also small numbers of Buddhists, Christians, Sikhs, Parsees and Jains. In India, religion is a way of life. It is an integral part of the entire Indian tradition. For the majority of Indians, religion permeates every aspect of life, from common-place daily chores to education and politics. Secular India is home to Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and other innumerable religious traditions. Hinduism is the dominant faith, practiced by over 80% of the population. Besides Hindus, Muslims are the most prominent religious group and are an integral part of Indian society. In fact India has the second largest population of Muslims in the world after Indonesia. Common practices have crept into most religious faiths in India and many of the festivals that mark each year with music, dance and feasting are shared by all communities. All these religions and cultures live together which really an amazing thing. We know that they are many social problems but I would still say “Incredible India!”

British rule in India
The British rule over India changed the course of history in India. The chief aim of the British administration in India was the maintenance of law and order and perpetuation of its rule. The British first came to India at the start of the seventeenth century. The term British India also applied to Burma for a shorter time period: starting in 1824, a small part of Burma, and by 1886, almost two thirds of Burma had come under British India. This arrangement lasted until 1937, when Burma commenced being administered as a separate British colony. East India Company

The East India Company had the unusual distinction of ruling an entire country. "In the middle of the seventeenth century, Asia still had a far more important place in the world than Europe." So wrote J. Pirenne in his 'History of the Universe'. He added, "The riches of Asia were incomparably greater than those of the European states. Britain saw the greatest economic and technological advance in the...
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