Poverty Issues in Bombay, India
Bombay, located in India, is India's capital with a population of 18 million people. However half of Bombay’s population is living in tenement housing or are homeless. It’s not uncommon to find families outdoors living under bridges or along railroad tracks. The lives of Bombay’s poor involve terrible poverty, squalor, and almost unimaginable suffering and deprivation. Many people living in Bombay do not have access to clean water or to any hygienic system of disposal of bodily wastes, to say nothing of access to adequate shelter or healthcare. The author notes that if reaching the goal of economic development in Bombay involves enhancing the opportunities of individuals to develop their potential, the goal of economic development is unrealizable because the environment in which about half of the population lives is dangerous to human health. He explains that even if the income of the poor were to increase substantially in Bombay, problems including an inadequate supply of water, the levels of pollution in drinking water, inadequate drainage, the lack of sewage treatment facilities and inadequate household waste removal facilities would not be affected by a general increase in household income. Higher incomes alone would do nothing to address the housing shortage, or problems associated with a lack of adequate facilities for educating children in Bombay. Universal schooling is not the problem; but the problem of improving the quality of school education to the large population of young people in the densely populated slums. Higher incomes would have no effect on the government's ability to deliver basic health care for the population of Bombay. Higher incomes alone would also do nothing to address problems associated with overcrowding including airborne food borne, and waterborne illnesses which include typhoid, cholera, hepatitis, poliomyelitis, dysentery, and infection by intestinal...